Then lay a paper towel on top and put on lid. Do not use if greens become moldy, slimy or dried out. Dandelion are a family of flowering plants that grow in many parts of the world. Dandelion inhabits different habitats that provide enough sunlight: meadows, grasslands, edges of the forests, gardens and lawns. Dandelion Temporal range: Miocene–recent A dandelion flower head composed of numerous small florets. Here’s the taxonomy: Cichoriodeae (Chicory/Dandelion subfamily). Greens are 11th in popularity on our Great Greens list, while seeds are 33rd in usage compared to other seed. The Common Dandelion is actually a variety of forms or 'microspecies' and there are also a number of other Dandelion species, so identification can be tricky. – dandelion Species: Taraxacum officinale F.H. What makes dandelion leaves even more confusing to identify is that the leaf shape changes somewhat as the plant matures. Dandelions will continue to grow, flower and go to seed throughout summer, but it will be more spotty and difficult to gather seeds in quantity. Midrib cross-section forms a low, rounded hump on leaf underside: Taraxacum (dandelion), Cichorium (Chicory), or Hypochaeris (Cat’s ear), go to 4. Elpel, T.J. (2013) Botany in a Day (APG). Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Cichorioideae Tribe: Cichorieae Subtribe: Crepidinae Genus: Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. 3. Because dandelions reproduce without fertilization, innumerable variants have arisen. Click on the following link for the nutrition fact labels for raw dandelion greens: calories, vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, fats and fatty acids and other nutrients from the nutritional search engine www.SkipThePie.org. Bear, American Black. Refrigeration and freezing works well, but allow container to warm to room temperature before opening. 3. Fun Facts: The seeded dandelion head is an incredible efficient means of population. This whole cleaning process took me less than 15 minutes. All leaves long and narrow, grass-like, V-shaped in profile, margins smooth and entire; latex light brown: Tragopogon (salsify). As mentioned, there are a good number of dandelion green lookalikes that are emerging from the ground right when dandelion emerges in the spring, and often in the same areas. What is dandelion? dandelion blooming its little heart out "dandelion propagating it's little heart out" Some may think I'm crazy, but I think the dandelion seedhead is a thing of beauty. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is a common weed with edible leaves, which thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Dandelions can be found in bloom, scattered here and there throughout the growing season. Often the stem is smooth and has tinges of red in it. Taraxacum officinale, the Common Dandelion is a herbaceous perennial plant. To make sure I don’t pick a wrong species when I am hurrying along, I always look for the little telltale button bud of the flower in the center of the leaf rosette. Midrib cross-section triangular, forming a sharp or nearly sharp keel: Lactuca ( lettuce) or Sonchus (sow thistle), go to 6. Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/taroff/all.html [2016, December 24]. It is also a very resilient plant that can grow in variable conditions. Photo taken on April 21, 2007 at Vandusen Gardens in Vancouver, BC, Canada. Take a look at Dandelion family classification in the upcoming sections. 1. in height. Clip flower heads off stems and submerge in cold water. The radially symmetrical flowerheads of the common dandelion measure 4 cm. True dandelions have hollow stems and, when picked, bleed a milky liquid. Of … Do not exceed 3 applications or 12 fluid ounces per acre per year. Dandelions are nutritious and the entire plant is … The name “dandelion” comes from the French “dent de lion” – lion’s tooth, which refers to theserrated leaves. And another thing. There are about 100 species of dandelion, and all are beneficial. Apply to newly seeded or sprigged turf after third mowing or when tillering and secondary root development has occurred. vulgare (Lam.) Harvest seeds when the seed head is fully open and you can see that the seeds are dark. The bright yellow flowers are between the size of a quarter and a fifty cent piece. It is also a very resilient plant that can grow in variable conditions. The common dandelion is actually a variety of forms or 'microspecies' and there are also a number of other dandelion species, so identification can be tricky. Odocoileus virginianus. non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. 6. Discard the fluff. Offer as soon as possible to animals. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… I wait for a warm, dry, windless day during that 1-2 week period and try to harvest all the seed I will want for the whole year. This sun-loving beauty is a native of Greece, naturalized in temperate regions throughout the world, and familiar to nearly everyone. The species is native to Europe and Asia but can be found worldwide in temperate climates (Berg, 2007). Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. Leaves toothed, lobed, or with wavy or irregular margins: all others, go to 2. The familiar bright yellow flower and dark green jagged leaves of the Common Dandelion. The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages, and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. Plants that have been disseminated or escaped as a result of human activity, and become established somewhere within the United States, Canada or Greenland. When it comes to invasive plants, the dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) isn’t exactly Kubla Khan.Rarely, if ever, will you see a Newsweek article covering the dandelion with the same “unstoppable horde” mentality we’ve come to expect from ink spent on more exotic and threatening species, such as the lionfish or wild pig -- and for good reason. Read more about storing leafy greens at “Food Harvest, Cleaning and Storage.”. 6. Seed separates from fluff pretty easily and cleanly. What is the scientific name of Dandelion? Top Answer. Always wash greens; you never know what might be on them…like animal feces or urine. The name, “dandelion” is a misspronounciation of the French name dent de lion, which translates to “tooth of the lion”. I collect all my seed for the year right in that first, most substantial crop. The family includes over 32,000 currently accepted species, in over 1,900 genera in 13 subfamilies.In terms of numbers of species, the Asteraceae are rivaled only by the Orchidaceae. [Note: Cat’s Ear Hypochaeris can lead to a condition called stringhalt in horses]. The reason for the genus name seems pretty clear: in Greek Leontodon means lion´s tooth and this was (and still is) a common name of the dandelion in many languages. Dandelion taxonomy is currently unresolved and complicated by issues such as hybridization; horned dandelion (T. ceratophorum) is a complex of native species, while red-seeded dandelion (T. laevigatum) is an introduced species with deeply divided lobes along the length of its leaves. They are lanceolate-to-ovate and often have deep, irregular teeth and/or lobes. Botanists say that some species of dandelion are native to North America. Feed Dandelion to: dandelion, common (Taraxacum officinale) flowers/buds/catkins. Read on to the bottom for some example of look-alikes. The dandelion flower opens to greet the morning and closes in the evening to go to sleep. The common dandelion or Taraxacum officinaleis a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the family of the Asteraceae. Dandelion, weedy perennial herb of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae, native to Eurasia but widespread throughout much of temperate North America. Then check the seed for dryness, and if dry enough, remove the desiccant and immediately repack the seed into an airtight container. Let dry a few days indoors. Common dandelions, native to Europe and Asia, produce many wind … Dandelions are known botanically as Taraxacum officinale and are members of the daisy family, Asteraceae. Common Dandelion Species Description These plants are from foreign areas (those that occur outside of North America north of Mexico) that have been released intentionally or unintentionally. Just so ya know. American Wildlife and Plants: A Guide to Wildlife Food Habits. The bitterness provided by the milky latex acts as a digestive aid that helps “clean out” the liver. U.S. Weed Information; Taraxacum officinale . The leaf rib in cross-section is rounded, no edge to it. When in seed the common dandelion has a unique downy-white, rounded head that is sensitive to physical disturbance. The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Wigg. Schinz ex Thellung which is commonly called common dandelion, fleshy dandelion, horned dandelion or rough dandelion. On cat’s ear the bracts grow upward in plane with the sepals and ray flowers. Wait 4 weeks to reseed. The dark green, narrow bracts are pointed and, below the base of the flower head, are reflexed against the length of the stem. Keep stored seed in an airtight glass or metal container in a cool, dark place. Taraxacum F.H. Cat’s ear leaves are very hairy on both side of the leaf, dandelion leaves are hairless. But more than any other flower, dandelion flower petals are eaten by 12 known species of mostly birds. Also, dandelion is highly nutritious. Dandelion knives and similar specialized tools are available for removing individual weeds and their roots while minimizing soil disturbance. The scientific name of Dandelion is Taraxacum while its common name is Dandelion. The radially symmetrical flowerhead of the common dandelion is bright yellow and singularly arranged atop the terminal shoot of … Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes Characteristics. The leaves are sometimes used as a salad vegetable and the flowers are used in making dandelion wine. The common dandelion grows just about anywhere including fields, roadsides, and, unfortunately, lawns. There are about 100 species of dandelion, and all are beneficial. 5. The taproot can be boiled and eaten or dried and ground as a base for a hot drink. The leaf stalk is hollow and exudes a milky white latex when torn. The common dandelion grows just about anywhere including fields, roadsides, and, unfortunately, lawns. Citation: Guenther, K. (2017, January 12) Common dandelion as wildlife food. The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. One seed from a dandelion blown by the wind can start 200 or more new plants. in width. Taraxacum officinaleis a ruderal species, which can … Copyrighted data used with permission. Once cleaned and fully dried, choose a low humidity day—not a rainy day—to jar up your seed. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Taraxacum officinale agg. There are no threatened or endangered dandelion species in the eastern half of the United States. See the E-Flora BC common dandelion page for further information. The radially symmetrical flowerhead of the common dandelion is bright yellow and singularly arranged atop the terminal shoot of the light-green, slender, pithy stem that exudes milky sap. Wearing a dust mask, put the screen over a large bowl and rub the fluff around in circles so the seed falls through. Alternately, I like using seed cleaning screens. vulgare (Lam.) Dandelion taxonomy is currently unresolved and complicated by issues such as hybridization; horned dandelion (T. ceratophorum) is a complex of native species, while red-seeded dandelion (T. laevigatum) is an introduced species with deeply divided lobes along the length of its leaves. If I don’t see that, I slow down and double check for other identification tips about the leaf. The dandelion flower opens to greet the morning and closes in the evening to go to sleep.. The tooth of the lion refers to the dandelion’s leaves which are serrated and look much like teeth. And another thing. in length. Dandelions are perennial, herbaceous plants that grow best in moist, sunny areas found in all parts of the northern temperate zone. Species : Synonym(s): Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. Two species, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, are found as weeds worldwide. The bright yellow petal-like rays of the bloom are several and are arranged in concentric layers around the central axis; each petal has five well defined bristles at their tip. It can be both a pioneer species on freshly disturbed soil and a longer-term constituent of established vegetation. Dandelion [Fr, dent-de-lion, "lion's tooth"], perennial, herbaceous plant of family Compositae or Asteraceae.Over 1000 species have been named. These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. These are a related to dandelion, but are a different genus and species, Cichorium intybus, whose common name is either Catalogna chicory or San Pasquale chicory. I’m sure you can feed those safely to animals, but they are not native greens. But if you want to collect a lot of seed and flower head all at once, look for that first large spring bloom before the first grass mowing of the season. dandelion; Other Scientific Names. Each seed has a bunching of silky white bristles that are sensitive to wind or any other light physical disturbance. Controls Carolina geranium, species of chickweed, clover and dandelion, vetch, dollarweed and common groundsel. The seeds should very easily detach from the flower if mature and ready for harvest. The word dandelion is derived from the likeness of the common dandelion leaves and teeth to those of a lion. Nevertheless, look for the familiar yellow flower heads displaying closely packed florets (tiny flowers). There will be a little bit of dust left in with the seed. Leaves grow from the base of the stem at the ground in a rosette. It was used for such conditions as abscesses, appendicitis, boils, caries, dermatitis, fevers, inflammations, leucorrhea, liver ailments, mastitis, scrofula, snakebites, and stomachaches. Seeds, greens and flowers are all utilized by wildlife. It’s difficult to … It’s a great companion plant for gardening because it’s long taproot brings up nutrients to the shallow-rooting plants in the garden adding minerals and nitrogen to the soil. The unique seed-like fruit of the common dandelion are arranged in a densely packed, rounded head. Taraxacum officinale F.H. It has a rosette of leaves at the base of the plant; a deep taproot; a smooth, hollow stem; and a solitary yellow flower head composed only of … Retrieved: readers supply the date, from http://wildfoods4wildlife.com. Dandelions in Finland are known by the collective name Taraxacum officinale , but they should really be spoken about in plural form because they are so diverse, comprised of about 500 micro-species in Finland alone. They’re also known as Taraxacum spp., though Taraxacum officinale is the most common species… Dandelion can be found throughout the growing season, but these are the best dates for mass harvest. When used alone, add a nonionic surfactant at 0.2% by volume. If you intend to keep the seed longer than one year, jar up the seeds in two stages. Its scientific name is Taraxacum, a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. TARAXACUM ALBIDUM . Wearing a dust mask and after completely dry, take a handful of seeds in your hands and vigorously rub the seeds together over a large bowl (outside) until the seed separates from the fluff. Nevertheless, look for the familiar yellow flower heads displaying closely packed florets (tiny flowers). Dandelion Description. To identify dandelion by leaf and stem ONLY, Samuel Thayer wrote the following key that differentiates four different plant greens that can be offered to wildlife patients, cat’s ear (Hypochareis radicata), wild lettuce ( Lactuca spp. Contrary to popular belief, this is a beneficial plant to have. 2. For storage, there are a couple of different possible container methods. The silky "parachutes" of the rounded head easily catch the wind and can be carried across a vast radius. They are an invasive species in some areas. Erect hairs or spines absent from bottom of the midvein; leaves with curved auricles at base where attached to stalk; latex white: Sonchus (sow thistle). Thayer, S. (2010). I found these 3-4 plants all growing alongside dandelion in March when I was harvesting. Label the bag with the plant name and which animals it should be used for. Dandelion is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Asteraceae. National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association, St. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, Accessed 4 February 2016). However, historians believe that early European settlers introduced the two most familiar species: red-seeded dandelion ( Taraxacum erythrospermum ) and the common dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale ) to the New World for their nutritional and medicinal benefits. Dandelion is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Asteraceae. These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. Taraxacum are native to Eurasia, and have been widely introduced to North and South America and other continents. From a distance, people sometimes mistake the many species of hawkbits for dandelions. Also, the seeds are very easy to collect and process for birdseed. General Description: Probably the most well know of all wildflowers, the common dandelion measures an average of 5-45 cm. Common Types of Dandelion Plants. USDA, NRCS. In most parts of the world, dandelion is known as weed. The plant grows year round but goes dormant in areas that experience a cold winter. Label the airtight container with the seed name, date of harvest and which animals it should be used for. Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is the familiar, bright yellow dandelion that pops up along roadsides, in meadows, along riverbanks, and of course, in lawns. Discard any seed that ever appears moldy. Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. 4. dandelion blooming its little heart out "dandelion propagating it's little heart out" Some may think I'm crazy, but I think the dandelion seedhead is a thing of beauty. Place in a colander or salad spinner to drain, then layout a towel and spread the greens on the towel and roll up the towel. which is eaten as seed. Cloud, MN. Cervus elaphus. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species aggregate. Martin, A.C., Zim, H.S., Nelson, A.L. Even coltsfoot flowers could fool some folks. (1951). officinale, which is commonly called common dandelion or wandering dandelion. The seeded dandelion head is an incredible efficient means of population. More than 250 species of dandelions have been identified, and unless you’re a botanist, you may find it difficult to tell the difference between types of dandelion plants. Common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. Rinse in clean water. See the E-Flora BC common dandelion page for further information. Greens are good until they become dry and crispy, fad in color, or become slimy or moldy. ), field sow thistle (Sonchus arvenis) and dandelion (Taraxacum spp.). The species is native to Europe and Asia but can be found worldwide in temperate climates (Berg, 2007). It is a weed of perennial horticultural crops and gardens and may also be a problem in some annual crops, particularly where reduced tillage is practiced. Sometimes this shape is referred to as a “strap”. There are actually several species of dandelion. Common name Dandelion Botanical name Taraxacum officinalis Area affected Lawns, hard surfaces and cultivated ground Caused by Spread by seed and regenerates from tap root Timing Flowers March to October Jump to. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). In April they almost dominate the landscape. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. The leaves on this species of dandelion are like the common dandelion. Seed with pappus parachute fluff is around 5/8 inch (15 mm) long. In addition to the identification guide of your choice, you should see all these features on dandelion to help you rule out look-alikes, of which there are a few: Most everyone knows dandelion flowers. Submerge the plant material and swish it around to remove all dirt from leaves and roots. Dandelion is a common meadow herb of the Asteraceae or sunflower family. The “petals” of the flower (which are actually ray flowers) have squared off tips that resemble a rectangle end, rather than a tapered pointed end. The seedhead is shown below it. – common dandelion Subordinate Taxa. Leaf with notable erect hairs: Cichorium ( chicoey) or Hypochaeris(cat’s ear), go to 5. Dandelions are native to Eurasia, but have been introduced to North America, South America, India (where it hadn't reached naturally), Australia, New Zealand and probably anywhere else where Europeans, the people, have migrated. Refrigeration and freezing works well, but are tastier and what species is the common dandelion in fibrous when young and small in late.. “ Italian dandelion ” greens Taraxacum ceratophorum to newly seeded or sprigged turf after third mowing when... Is native to North America on the Mayflower as a “ strap ” tastier and less fibrous when and... 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