The direct contact with the soil may affect their body. About two-thirds of landfill waste contains biodegradable organic matter from households, business and industry. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Soil loses its natural vitality and balance of elements, degrading its quality and lending it barren and totally void of essential micro-nutrients. One of the leading reasons for Chinaâs soil contamination is the rapid increase of population since 1980. This sad reality is not just restricted to developing countries, but highly developed and advanced countries as well. Some of the detrimental effects of soil pollution are described below. Inhaling the contaminated soil may also affect the health of our lung. Major chemical pollutants are petroleum hydrocarbons, solvents, and other heavy metals. It alters soilsâ biodiversity, reduces soil organic matter and soilsâ capacity to act as a filter. Soil pollution refers to an increased level of harmful human-made chemicals in the natural soil environment. Soil pollution causes a chain reaction. There are some ways to get soil back to its . Soil pollution is when there are changes in soil caused by the adding or dumping of pollutants. There are many different types of soil pollution, each stemming from different origins. Soil pollution affects plants, animals and humans alike. The other types of pollution also feed into soil pollution. Soil pollution can lead to serious water contamination and therefore create huge health issues. Soil pollution include a large variety of contaminants or chemicals (organic and inorganic), which could be both naturally occurring in soil and man-made. Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of xenobiotics (human-made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. Soil pollution occurs in soil, means it creates land pollution through the soil, so we should keep the â¦ One of the important facts is that at the end of the day, figures and who is responsible won’t matter, what will matter is how long will it take us and the generation to come to clean the mess, that is, if there is anything left to save. This is because the bare soil is more exposed to wind erosion and may generate poisoned dust (soil poisoning dirt or soil poisoning dust) that can enter homes, spread across crops and vegetation, and be directly inhaled by people. Polluted soil by natural means contributes to air contamination by discharging volatile compounds into the atmosphere. It is a serious environmental concern since it harbours many health hazards. Soil pollution can happen in any number of ways. The health of human being is affected when the land is polluted. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. It pains me to say it, but itâs true: Of all the worldâs vital natural resources, soil is the least sexy. The land is the best surviving place for a human. Examples of such contaminants are organic salts of mercury (such as mono-, di- or tri-methyl mercury) or PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls). Soil pollution happens when soil contaminants exceed a certain threshold amount that could pose a risk to human health and ecosystem or are simply above the natural background levels. As this material decomposes, it releases methane gas. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Soil pollution often is caused by excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, however, there are many other reasons. Over time, what may have started as tiny amounts can reach considerable concentrations depending on environmental conditions (including soil types) and degradability of the released contaminant, and resulting in soil poisoning. Poisoned soil may affect you through inhalation, direct skin contact, poisoned vegetables, and fruits (if grown in the soil), as well as poisoned groundwater below the soil (if consumed). Soil - Soil - Soil pollution: The presence of substances in soil that are not naturally produced by biological species is of great public concern. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! One of the most severe complications of this pollution is that the chemicals from the soil will contaminate the crops grown on them, and also the groundwater that is used for drinking. Landfill pollution facts from EPA show that about 1.5 to 1.8 million tons of e-waste (electronic waste) were discarded by Americans in 2005, mainly in the landfills. Soil contaminants are driven by the wind, causing air pollution, which is detrimental to the health of humans and animals. Protect soil from getting polluted â prevent soil pollution. Soil stores vast quantities of carbon: Scientists say that more carbon resides in soil than in the atmosphere and all plant life combined; there are 2,500 billion tons of carbon in soil, compared with 800 billion tons in the atmosphere and 560 billion tons in plant and animal life. In such situations, pollutants are transported by the wind (especially if they are in the form of fine specks of dust) or by groundwater and could travel long distances, depending on their property and particle dimension. One of the most severe complications of this pollution is that the chemicals from the soil will contaminate the crops grown on them, and also the groundwater that is used for drinking. The same contaminated soil also has the potential to seep into large water bodies, which will have an effect on the overall ecosystem, thus, becoming a major environmental issue. As hard as it may be to believe, giant chemical companies dig up large holes, throw the waste in, and cover it back up! It also contaminates the water stored in the soil and groundwater, and causes an imbalance of soil nutrients. It causes harmful effect on the soil and the environment at large. Soil pollution (also called soil contamination) can be defined as the occurrence of toxic chemicals in the soil. Soil Pollution Facts and Prevention Tips. Recycling paper uses 70% less energy than manufacturing paper from fresh materials. According to the study published by the European Commission in April 2002, among other major threats, decline in organic matter and contamination needs immediate attention. You need to understand a few soil pollution facts in order to place some preventive measures for this problem. If some crops manage to grow under these conditions, they would be poisonous enough to cause serious health problems in people consuming them. First off, what is soil pollution? Other causes include the rupture of underground storage tanks, seepage of contaminated surface water to subsurface strata, chemicals, industrial wastes, and oil and fuel dumping. Soil Pollution Facts Soil acts as a natural sink for contaminants, by accumulating and sometimes concentrating contaminants which end up in soil from various sources. Copyright © 2020 www.environmentalpollutioncenters.org All rights reserved. But human is spoiling it in every way. In turn, pollutants in the soil can contribute to air and water pollution as well. Agricultural advancement has also played a part in laying many a green pastures barren. 7. Learn more about its causes, effects and solutions. Copyright Â© Help Save Nature & Buzzle.com, Inc.