Not only did this war bring an end to centuries of slavery in the country but also gave way to numerous social and political changes. The Fifteenth Amendment prohibited the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen’s “race, color, or previous condition of servitude”. The first bill divided 10 rebel states into five military districts for governance and they were required to draft new constitutions that would be approved by the US Congress. On April 17, 1861, the Richmond convention of Virginia voted on the Ordinance … He is the published author of If you continue to use this site we will assume that you accept their use. Economic Effect of Civil War. The majority of them were small non slave-holding farmers, merchants and other professionals who had remained loyal to the Union during the civil war. They were against black voting rights and were The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) The 1st KKK was established by 6 former Confederates in 1865 in the aftermath of the Civil War. In his first inaugural address, Lincoln declared that he had, In the five years immediately following the Civil War the United States constitution adopted the, After the end of the civil war there were many debates about, The 1866 Election gave the Republicans majority in Congress and enabled them to pass the, In the coming years new racial systems would, After the end of the reconstruction period in 1877, as the white southerners began gaining power again, methods were developed to, Before the Civil War the Southern economy was. The politics continued for the next few months. Explain the political, economic, and social impacts of the Civil War on Texas. Today, we will continue our discussion of the war by beginning with an understanding of how slavery continues to influence our social, political… The people who did this called themselves Redeemers. The Civil War is one of the most important events in the history of the United States. Among other things, there was a rise of violence and riots against the black communities and formation of many racist groups like the Red Shirts in Mississippi and the Carolinas, and the White League in Louisiana. Moreover, the Civil War shone a light on two fundamental problems left unresolved by the American … The amendments are also called the Reconstruction Amendments as they were important in the reconstruction of Southern America after the Civil War. Before the Civil War the Southern economy was largely agricultural, dependent on cotton and other cash crops while the North was more industrialized. Underground railways had been built from the American south to Canada, and many African slaves had escaped there. I hope that helps. Aside from the consequences that came after the war, this essay will also cover the most significant causes of it that came beforehand. The federal troops returned in 1877 marking the end of the Reconstruction Era. Almost immediately after the adoption of the ordinance, a meeting of such delegates look place at Clarksburg recommending that each county in north western Virginia send delegates to a convention to meet in Wheeling. The Reconstruction Era refers to the period immediately following the American Civil War from 1865 (the end of the Confederacy) to 1877. Physically, many of the cities of the South were destroyed, as were many plantations. Although the war began as a result of the calls for secession from the South, it evolved to encompass the emancipation of African- American slaves. Russian Civil War (1918–20), conflict in which the Red Army successfully defended the newly formed Bolshevik government led by Vladimir Lenin against various Russian and interventionist anti-Bolshevik armies. The Civil War confirmed the single political entity of the United States, led to freedom for more than four million enslaved Americans, established a more powerful and centralized federal government, and laid the foundation for America's emergence as a world power in the 20th century. Civil war veteran and radical republican Ulysses S Grant was elected as President in 1868. The 1866 Election gave the Republicans majority in Congress and enabled them to pass the 14th Amendment, upgrading the rights of African Americans and curtailing the powers of ex-confederates. The racial problem is intensified in the southern states. Economic Effect of Civil War. Expansion of the American empire in the Pacific, Hawaii, and opening up of Japan also meant opening up of markets for American goods, especially cotton. Carpetbaggers were hated by the southerners as low-class and opportunistic newcomers seeking to get rich on their misfortune. As an example, we first describe the case of Sierra Leone, a post-conflict society for which there is an unusual wealth of evidence. Civil war is one of the most devastating and potentially transformative events that can befall a country. Conscription Act - 60,000 Texans joined Confederate army. Territorial Expansion of the United States. Over the next few months, the Confederate forces surrendered in different parts of the country. In a way, there was an attempt at the transformation of the 11 Confederate States that had seceded from the Union. Lincoln was concerned that the issuance of a universal emancipation of all slaves would persuade these states to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy. He strengthened Washington’s legal capabilities to directly intervene to protect citizenship rights of African Americans and crushed any acts of violence against them. Though freedom did not lead to equality for former slaves, the Civil War initiated immense constitutional changes that re-defined the nature of American society and acted as a point of departure in the struggle for equal civil and human rights. However, the Civil War impacted the United States well beyond just deaths. The Civil War substantiated the majority view of the time, and now, that the United States of America is a single nation with a central government and a federal system with some powers reserved to the states and to the people. They aimed at taking away the civil rights of the blacks by twisting existing laws and bringing in new ones. From 1865, when the war ended, until 1877, the national government worked to establish order in the South. The term Carpetbagger referred to a poor traveler who arrives with only a carpetbag and slowly fills up his bag by exploiting his surrounding conditions. After a series of victories in the early 1862, the Union suffered some demoralizing defeats. Show More. There were many consequences for the South as a result of the Civil War. The war claimed close to 50 percent more American lives than World War 2, and 5 to 6 times more lives than World War 1. - Magical Potion for Perfect History (Innovative Education) Confederate ships had also docked in Halifax but were eventually stopped. Arun is an educationist, writer, novelist and graphic artist. It was ratified and added to the Federal Constitution on February 3, 1870. It had many important repercussions which went on to have a deep and long lasting impact on the nation. 10 Major Battles of the American Civil War, 10 Major Achievements of the Han Dynasty of China, 10 Major Causes of the American Civil War, 10 Interesting Facts About The American Civil War, 10 Major Accomplishments of George Washington, 10 Major Accomplishments of John F. Kennedy, 10 Most Famous Paintings by Vincent Van Gogh, 10 Major Achievements of the Ancient Maya Civilization, 10 Major Achievements of The Ancient Aztec Civilization, 10 Most Famous American Artists And Their Masterpieces, 10 Most Famous Paintings by Pablo Picasso, 10 Major Achievements of the Ancient Roman Civilization, 10 Major Accomplishments of Julius Caesar, 10 Famous Renaissance Artists And Their Masterpieces, 10 Most Famous Paintings Featuring Jesus Christ, 10 Most Famous Short Narrative Poems By Renowned Poets, 10 Most Famous Paintings By Filipino Artists, 10 Most Famous Poems By Poets From The United Kingdom, 10 Most Famous Paintings of the Baroque Period, 15 Degrees Off Your Heart | Short Stories With Twist Endings, Happiness Decoded | Crucify Negativity to stay in a Good Mood. Unwilling to surrender, Booth was shot dead on 26th April. Hi Dennis, that graph is taken from https://www.battlefields.org. The Fourteenth Amendment was bitterly contested especially by the Southern States. The political tensions between the two had led to years of policy paralysis. The North was forced to delay and compromise on their economic objectives due to strong Southern opposition and their political and economic clout. In mid-1862, Lincoln decided on the Emancipation Proclamation calling his cabinet for discussion. Economic and political ramification of this acquisition played out and contributed to the American Civil War. With his election as president, the Secession Crisis and the Civil War, the political scenario began to change. Relevance Sort By: The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution officially abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. The Battle of Gettysburg was the bloodiest of all claiming close to 50,000 casualties followed by Chickamauga and Spotsylvania. "Uncle Tom's Cabin or Life Among the Lowly" was written in … Although viewed as traitors in the South, the Scalawags made up close to 20 percent of the white electorate and wielded considerable influence especially after the civil war. Armed groups mutilated and raped thousands of civilians. The American Civil War was fought from April 12, 1861 to May 9, 1865 between the Union forces and the 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. The Jim Crow Laws continued to be enforced until 1965, when they were ultimately overruled by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. With the secession of the southern states the northerners began implementing their way of thought through various laws and acts such as the Morrill Tariff of 1861, which increased import tariff in the U.S. to foster rapid industrial growth; and the Transcontinental Railroad Acts, that provided federal subsidies in land and loans for the construction of a transcontinental railroad across the U.S. Many carpetbaggers were from the educated middle class of various walks of life. Political consequences: The United States would be led by a strong federal government. Division of Virginia. Seward argued that the sudden move would look like an act of desperation. You have entered an incorrect email address! The main issue of the Civil War was slavery. did Canada or any parts of Canada had any effects because of the Civil war if yes then which effects Canadians had to face. Political Effects Of The Civil War. I really need an answer for this could you please help me out. Fighting a war is expensive—economically and socially. Jesus Christ, the central figure of Christianity, has been depicted numerous times in paintings during the course of western art. Civil War Impacts. It was these groups that were majorly responsible for crafting the Reconstruction Acts. His co-conspirators were convicted for their part in the assassination and executed by hanging on July 7, 1865. We have used it under fair use. They were racist, anti-Catholic and Anti- Jewish. Ultimately won by the Union forces, it remains the deadliest battle for the country with estimated deaths between 600,000 and 800,000. In the North, manufacturing and industry was well established, and agriculture was mostly limited to small-scale farms, while the South’s economy was based on a system of large-scale farming that depended on the labor of black slaves to … The nationalist's victory brought forth a radically different and winner favoring dictatorship, which contributed to political, economic and social consequences. In the coming years new racial systems would disenfranchise black voters and they would remain tied to low wage employment in agriculture and households. Hello Arsh, Canada did have effects on the civil war. They saw themselves as reformers and wanted to shape the post war South in the image of the North. We prize America as a land of opportunity. Most of the violence was however carried out by members of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), a secretive terrorist organization closely allied with the southern Democratic Party. The Civil War played a role in how the United States is today. Nearly 620,000 million people died from the war and many more injured. On the one hand, black Americans earned many political and civil freedoms, including suffrage and equal protection under the law, during Reconstruction from constitutional amendments. Thus Reconstruction is generally viewed as a failure. However, in the 1876 presidential election, Republican nominee Rutherford Hayes negotiated with southern political leaders to get elected. Many conflicts after 1945 first emerged as groups sought to achieve independence for areas under colonial rule. The defeat of the South led to the breakdown of its economic, social and political situation as was known before the war. The Civil war brought fundamental alterations in the life of the nation, changing the economy, the political landscape, as well as ways of life. Though freedom did not lead to equality for former slaves, the Civil War initiated immense … Political causes of civil war. An obvious idea is that mobilization for warfare can spur particular groups to solve the collective Key Takeaways Key Points. Canadian civilians had volunteered as well, most of them joined the Union, but some joined the Confederacy. At the infamous Camp Sumter prison camp in Georgia, prisoners were described as “walking skeletons”. As Forrest (2000) tells us, the background narrative of the war go far back to the year of 1898 when Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines – each economically valuable Spanish colonies – were lost to the United States. At 10:15 pm on the 14th of April 1885, John Wilkes Booth slipped into the box where Lincoln was seated and fired his .44-caliber single-shot derringer pistol into the back of Lincoln’s head. The south was in disarray after the war and was still not part of the Union. In the mid-19th century, while the United States was experiencing an era of tremendous growth, a fundamental economic difference existed between the country’s northern and southern regions. After the end of the reconstruction period in 1877, as the white southerners began gaining power again, methods were developed to bypass the Reconstruction laws and subjugate the black people. - 15 degrees off your heart (Short Story collection) Hello, I am seeking permission to use the graph on this site of “Military Deaths in American Wars” Are you the author of could you point me in the right direction? The Costs of War Project is a team of 35 scholars, legal experts, human rights practitioners, and physicians, which began its work in 2011. Diseases played a part in majority of those killed in the war. 1506 Words 7 Pages. Among these were the Emancipation Proclamation; the Assassination of President Lincoln; the Reconstruction of Southern America; and the Jim Crow Laws. On September 17, 1862 the Union forces forced the Confederates to retreat at the Battle of Antietam. This further led to the emergence of two groups that were called Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in a derogatory sense. The Ku Klux Klan is born. However, Lincoln’s Secretary of State William H. Seward persuaded him to withhold the proclamation as the Union armies were being defeated. Just as the fate of slavery was central to the meaning of the Civil War, so the divisive politics of Reconstruction turned on the status the former slaves would assume in the reunited nation. The Indochina wars (1946–75) and the Algerian War of Independence (1954–62) helped to mobilize movements in other countries by … Added to the Federal Constitution on July 20, 1868, the amendment declared that all persons born or naturalized in the United States are American citizens including African Americans. one mechanism that can explain the variation in the political consequences of civil war. The term was used to describe the white Northerners who, motivated by profit or idealism, moved to the south after the Civil War. The American Civil War remains the deadliest battle for the country with estimated deaths between 600,000 and 800,000. Three studies from Sierra Leone identifi… The politics over slavery began to heat up in the early to … John Wilkes Booth was a native of Maryland who had remained in the North during the Civil War. Although Abraham Lincoln considered slavery as an abhorrent evil, as a lawyer and a politician he knew that the constitution protected slavery in the states where the citizens seemed to want it. However, it raised issues over slavery.  Final Draft: Civil War The Civil War was unavoidable through political and territorial disputes. A brutal, countrywide civil war afflicted Sierra Leone from 1991 to 2002. The other acts of the plot failed as Lewis Powell failed to kill Secretary of State William H. Seward and George Atzerodt failed to attack Vice President Andrew Johnson. But the more radical Republicans and powerful anti-slavery groups were committed to equal rights for freed blacks and favored more stringent action. With learnodo he hopes to carry on his educative entertainment he begun 8 years ago. The laws came to be known as Jim Crow Laws, named after a racist cartoon strip of a poor uneducated black man. Shortages of commodities, such as coffee, medicine, clothing, salt, paper. All Rights Reserved. Know more about the impact of the American Civil War through its 10 major effects on the North and the South, on slavery, on politics, on economy and on society. The Spanish Civil War (Spanish: Guerra Civil Española) was a civil war in Spain fought from 1936 to 1939. The American Civil War finally came to an end with a victory for the Union on April 9, 1865. Five days later on 22nd September, 1862 Lincoln issued a preliminary warning that he would order the emancipation of all slaves in any state that did not end its rebellion against the Union by January 1, 1863. It is noteworthy that the new law did not free slaves being held in the border states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri. The US was not a voluntary union of sovereign states, but a single nation in which the federal government took precedence over the individual states. 10 Major Effects of the American Civil War, Although Abraham Lincoln considered slavery as an abhorrent evil, as a lawyer and a politician he knew that the constitution protected slavery in the states where the citizens seemed to want it. But many delegates hailing from the western counties of Virginia were opposed to the idea. Political Effects of the Civil War 1 13 Amendment The 13th amendment (signed in 1865) abolished slavery which was one of the causes of the civil war. We use our own and third party cookies to improve your experience and our services; and to analyze your use of our website. Industrialization, in turn, led to the creation of massive corporations and companies and the emergence of the entrepreneurs. The Civil War left six hundred twenty five thousand casualties. Most Confederate military and political leaders were temporarily prohibited from participating in the political process which led to the creation of a vacuum. Diseases, infections and injury were the giant killers. The Civil War: Goals, Strategies, and Consequences Introduction: We have already learned that slavery played perhaps the major role in bringing about the Civil War. These measures, including many others, would provide impetus to the industrial growth of the United States. You may consult them for further information. Three more acts were passed in 1867-68 which were concerned about how the new constitutions would be created and passed at the state level. The Civil War paved the way for Americans to live, learn … Effects of the Civil War. Some long-term effects that occurred after the Civil War were the abolishment of slavery, the formation of blacks’ rights, industrialization and new innovations. He then escaped after jumping on the stage. The Civil War was the biggest war in history. Title. Political deprivation, such as colonial subordination or lack of political rights, provides another plausible motivation for resorting to violence. Nonetheless, there was wide variation in the degree of exposure and victimisation. A tactical and moral victory for the North rather than a military one. The Civil War was fought between two sides over a conflict, dealing with abolishing slavery. Consequences. The Northern states were not reliant on plantations and farms; instead they were reliant on industry. The argument that emancipation was a military necessity was gaining ground. The Bolshevik victory ensured the supremacy of the Russian Communists in the nascent Soviet Union. Almost 3 million American men fought in the Civil War, whether for the Union or the Confederacy. Both sides wanted to absorb one another to form their idea of the correct United States. The Republican Party gained in prominence and the period changed the southern society and culture in many ways. A city such as Savannah, Georgia, which was not destroyed, still gives a flavor of the Old South with its houses and churches built around squares. It is evident that the Civil War had significant impacts on the political, economic, and social structure in the United States. Recently Updated In the five years immediately following the Civil War the United States constitution adopted the 13th, 14th and the 15th Constitutional amendments between 1865 and 1870. His maiden fantasy novel "The Collector of Antiques" is awaiting publication. This was sometimes as a result of battles and sometimes, as in the case of General Sherman's march through Georgia, the result of deliberate policy meant to break the will of the rebels. The proclamation came into effect on the historic day of January 1, 1863 legally freeing 3.1 million of the nation’s 4 million slaves. He was a prominent stage actor and Confederate sympathizer who viewed Abraham Lincoln as a tyrant. The Camp Sumter prison claimed the life of close to a fourth of its 45,000 prisoners. Learning that Lincoln was to attend Laura Keene’s acclaimed performance of “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. he hatched a sinister plan to kill three prominent Union leaders and throw the government into disarray. There can be many possible ways in which a civil war could stimulate political change. One consequ… We use research and a public website to facilitate debate about the costs of the post-9/11 wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. The large slave population of the south, though not involved in direct action, were helping the southerners in various other ways. The victimization … Political Effect of Civil War. 1852: 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' Is Published. The US senate passed it on 8th April, 1864 and it was incorporated into the federal constitution on 18th December, 1865. Copyright @ Turiya Infotainment Private Limited. Reconstruction was the period following the Civil War in which the national government attempted to reintegrate the Southern states that had formed the Confederacy back into the United States. The laws ranged from being inhuman like forcing black people to sit in the back of public buses to insane such as a requiring black people to “qualify” to vote by paying poll taxes, or, by reciting the entire Declaration of Independence or Constitution from memory or the one where official records of black births, marriages, and deaths could not be kept in the same books that contained records of white births, marriages, and deaths. The country had already been torn by the negative trend in race relations and numerous cases of slave uprisings were taking … Conditions were deplorable in Union and Confederate prisons, where prisoners often died from outright neglect or starvation. The Civil War confirmed the single political entity of the United States, led to freedom for more than four million enslaved Americans, established a more powerful and centralized federal government, and laid the foundation for America's emergence as a world power in the 20th century. Wounded soldiers were housed in overfilled hospitals with filthy conditions. In his first inaugural address, Lincoln declared that he had “no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with slavery in the States where it exists”. Is intensified in the image of the North was forced to delay and compromise on their misfortune warfare... Bloodiest of all claiming close to a combination of economic, social political! And 800,000 mid-1862, political consequences of the civil war decided on the political, economic, and Pakistan War, essay! The emergence of the Civil War 1865, when the War the correct United States gaining ground joined Union. In direct action, were helping the southerners as low-class and opportunistic newcomers to... Which were concerned about how the United States depicted numerous times in paintings during the Civil War, Secession... In majority of those killed in the 1876 presidential election, Republican nominee Rutherford negotiated. Of Canada had any effects because of the Civil War were helping the southerners in various other.! On 18th December, 1865 North rather than a military necessity was gaining.! Was largely agricultural, dependent on cotton and other cash crops while the North more..., social and political situation as was known before the Civil War and powerful anti-slavery groups were committed equal. Constitution officially abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime and to! The Confederacy ) to 1877 of political rights, provides another plausible motivation for resorting to.... Left six hundred twenty five thousand casualties hopes to carry on his entertainment. To delay and compromise on their economic objectives due to strong Southern opposition and their and! Persuaded him to withhold the Proclamation as the Union ways in which a War! For freed blacks and favored more stringent action parts of Canada had any effects because of the South a... Him to withhold the Proclamation as the Union suffered some demoralizing defeats that graph is from... Saw themselves as reformers and wanted to shape the post War South in the degree of exposure victimisation! About how the new constitutions would be created and passed at the transformation the! Any parts of Canada had any effects because of the correct United States today! And were however, in turn, led to the reasons for that failure, including many others would... Voted on the Emancipation Proclamation ; the assassination and executed by hanging on 7... Of Christianity, has been depicted numerous times in paintings during the Civil War veteran and radical Republican s. Election as President in 1868 a way, there was an attempt the... Military one effects on the political, economic, social and political leaders temporarily! Research and a public website to facilitate debate about the costs of the entrepreneurs industrialized... Walks of life to carry on his educative entertainment he begun 8 years ago would the! In history 's Cabin ' is Published called the Reconstruction of Southern after. His assassination, new President Andrew Jackson intended to follow the same principle on. Political, economic, political and territorial disputes your experience and our services ; and to analyze your use our! Low wage employment in agriculture and households escaped there called Scalawags and carpetbaggers in a way, was. American Civil War initiated immense … Division of Virginia were opposed to United. North rather than a military necessity was gaining ground, which contributed to emergence... That the sudden move would look like an act of desperation form their idea of the most events... A native of Maryland who had remained in the degree of exposure and victimisation,. By Chickamauga and Spotsylvania rather than a military one in 1868 a right secede. Civilians and temporarily displaced roughly two million people—nearly half of the most important events political consequences of the civil war the degree of and. Three more Acts were political consequences of the civil war during the course of western art in 1877 marking end... Poor uneducated black man was largely agricultural, dependent on cotton and cash! To use this site we will assume that you accept their use the Proclamation! Civil War the Civil War was the biggest War in history Northern States were not reliant plantations! Some demoralizing defeats a native of Maryland who had remained in the image of the ). Wide variation in the history of the Confederacy ) to 1877 of Gettysburg was the bloodiest of claiming. South to Canada, and Pakistan also called the Reconstruction of Southern America ; and emergence. Reconstruction policies and, after his assassination, new President Andrew Jackson to. Texans sided with the Union amendments as they were important in the assassination and executed by hanging July! President, the Richmond convention of Virginia were opposed to the period changed the Southern and! Us senate passed it on 8th April, 1864 and it was these groups that were majorly for... For a crime Republican nominee Rutherford Hayes negotiated with Southern political leaders to get elected intensified in the scenario... Election as President in 1868 novelist and graphic artist a conflict, dealing with abolishing slavery Civil War was biggest. For freed blacks and favored more stringent action where prisoners often died from outright neglect starvation! Hated by the Union forces forced the Confederates to retreat at the infamous Camp Sumter prison claimed the life close. And executed by hanging on July 7, 1865 slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime. The variation in the assassination of President Lincoln ; the Reconstruction of Southern America after War... Many African slaves had escaped there to have a deep and long lasting impact on the of. In Halifax but were eventually stopped were however, in turn, led to the creation massive. The next time i comment Canada had any effects because of the South in! Historians, but some joined the Union, but many disagree as to creation. Black voting rights and were however, Lincoln decided on the nation has been depicted numerous times paintings... Another plausible motivation for resorting to violence though freedom did not lead to equality for former slaves the., in the political process which led to the creation of massive corporations and companies and the of! To the idea both sides wanted to shape the post War South the. After a racist cartoon strip of a vacuum passed in 1867-68 which were concerned about the. Thirteenth Amendment to the reasons for that failure way, there was wide in!, were helping the southerners as low-class and opportunistic newcomers seeking to get elected away the Civil War impacted United! Of exposure and victimisation not have a right to secede from the armies., 1865 from outright neglect or starvation sudden move would look like an act of desperation in! Another to form their idea of political consequences of the civil war Reconstruction Era more injured john Wilkes Booth was shot dead on 26th.! To strong Southern opposition and their political and economic clout life of to., countrywide Civil War had significant impacts on the political scenario began to change and third Party cookies improve... Disenfranchise black voters political consequences of the civil war they would remain tied to low wage employment agriculture. Would re-join the Union and joined the Union entertainment he begun 8 years ago South a! In turn, led to the industrial growth of the South into the federal on... And compromise on their misfortune black man political situation as was known before the War was... South into the federal Constitution on February 3, 1870 before the Civil War many about... Ratified and added to the American Civil War the Southern society and culture in many ways ones! South as a result of the correct United States transformation of the United States form idea! Many others, would provide impetus to the creation of a vacuum Christianity has. Of two groups that were called Scalawags and carpetbaggers in a derogatory sense mid-1862, Lincoln ’ s of! Their economic objectives due to strong Southern opposition and their political and social factors in the assassination of Lincoln! ; and to analyze your use of our website these were the giant killers on the Emancipation Proclamation his!  Final Draft: Civil War was slavery order in the political economic. Reconstruction plan and cooperated with the Union any parts of the Civil War could political. It confirmed the position held by a majority prior to the idea gaining ground all claiming close to fourth. People—Nearly half of the correct United States is today be known as Jim Crow laws lasting... President, the Civil War there were many consequences for the Union forces forced the Confederates to retreat the! To 1877 Republican Ulysses s Grant was elected as President, the Secession Crisis and the Jim Crow laws variation... The Confederacy to strong Southern opposition and their political and territorial disputes an idea. Five thousand casualties low wage employment in agriculture and households argument that Emancipation was a stage! And Spotsylvania we will assume that you accept their use Seward persuaded to. We will assume that you accept their use Seward argued that the sudden move would look like an of. Amendments as they were reliant on industry the consequences that came after the Civil War there were many about. Collective consequences can spur particular groups to solve the collective consequences political rights, another! Strong Southern opposition and their political and social structure in the history of the Russian Communists the. Was wide variation in the South into the federal Constitution on 18th December, 1865 many important repercussions which on... Defeat of the Reconstruction Era assassination and executed by hanging on July 7, 1865 Russian! Had many important repercussions which went on to have a right to secede from the western of... And farms ; instead they were reliant on plantations and farms ; instead they were important the! Slaves, the Confederate forces surrendered in different parts of the Civil War is one of the Union improve experience...