What comes up each year will be a mystery. This plant is named for Italian botanist Antonio Vallisneri and acquired its common name of wild celery because the meat of ducks that eat a lot of Vallisneria is said to have a celery-like flavor. Planting Instructions: For general ground prep (click here.) You are using an out of date browser. Often times, June is much more favorable for planting - the duck hole may still have mud in if for a good hand spreading surface, we get more rain in june, etc. Some years the predominant plant might be red root sedge, barnyard grass or nodding smart weed. More and more organizations and individuals are helping to keep and return some of the habitats for ducks and other water fowl species by planting food plots and letting the land return to some of the wilderness. Your email address will not be published. I personally prefer employing smaller weight birds in the garden so as not to unintentionally smash any vegetation — my Magpies frequent the garden regularly. This mix is easy to grow and produces a ton of seed. Go over to AR & MO and you'll find plenty of it. Never had a successful year. Does anyone on here have experience on planting this stuff? Some great advice already given and I would echo GUNNERX2 with the Jap millet and moist soil grasses/weeds. Wild celery, a submersed water plant, is native in most of the United States, including Wisconsin. Plant the natural foods that will coax them to stop on your property. Because of its water-like consistency, it quickly breaks down and is absorbed into the soil. Their bills can also scoop up any plant not well-rooted as they turn the top layer of soil for slugs and the tender sprouts of weeds. The plant is on the other side of a fence from the ducks, and climbs up cedar posts to form kind of a grotto when the leaves are out. Jap millet is good but is subject to getting wiped out by blackbirds as the stalk is strong enough to support their weight without breaking. It provides both food and cover essential to the existence of wildlife. The plant is on the other side of a fence from the ducks, and climbs up cedar posts to form kind of a grotto when the leaves are out. Punctatum means dotted, referring to dots on the tepals, and indeed it is also called Dotted Smartweed. In one study, 3% of the smartweed seed still germinated after 10 years. Ducks need the crops for high energy during cold weather and they need the woods and button bush areas for resting, feeding and loafing. Hey if your looking to plant foods like Japanese millet, smartweed, milo, corn, buckwheat and rice for ducks, in swamps or natural habitats you need to check out SwampWreck.com. Buckwheat is relatively easy to grow. Actually, the burn is not immediate. Though they are naturally fairly diligent about avoiding poisonous weeds and produce, be warned that the following are harmful to your flock: More information about duck-safe plants and which are toxic (and specifically which parts of the plants are toxic) can be found here. Pennsylvania Smartweed, PA Ecotype. Some of the vines hang down, and the ducks can nibble on the leaves - but most of the plant is out of reach. This plant is an excellent wildlife food plant, especially for waterfowl. switch to plant foods until their diet consists of approximately 90 percent vegetative material, primarily aquatic plants such as algae, watermeal, watershield, sago pondweed, and duckweed. Buckwheat: This plant is actually considered a weed to some farmers in the upper Midwest. ), insects, seeds, grains, berries and nuts. What duck-safe plants to they prefer? It's really interesting what will come up if just left alone. To help with slug control, ducks can be released into the potager to forage for these slugs along with snails, pillbugs, cabbage worms, and more. These guys kill a lot of ducks every year by planting their beaver swamps, cypress breaks, ponds, river bottoms and low grounds. Planting rates range from 500 plants per acre to get the pond started to 1,750 plants per acre for complete coverage ready for a fall hunt the next duck season. Plant 20-25 lbs per acre at 1/4" deep. Geese, ducks, and swans feed on sago seeds, tubers, and roots. And about the time you wish it would stop intensifying it’s just getting started. Local co-ops aren't going to routinely carry rice seed and anything related to growing it if there's not a significant amount of ground planted. I am intrested in planting smartweed for duck season next year but I don't know the first thing about it. This year it's nodding smart weed, having a 10 yard wide swath 3/4 the distance around a 10 acre pond. Ducks need a variety of plants and insects in their daily diets. Ducks love rice and it will grow in wet areas or even flooded areas. Acts as a cover crop in floodplains and on wetland sites; provides food and cover for wildlife. Smartweed has to go through a cold cycle, so we should plant this Fall, and we will see the results next Spring. "Pay attention to plant densities, and if your state laws allow it, consider a little preseason weed whacking. Planting rates range from 500 plants per acre to get the pond started to 1,750 plants per acre for complete coverage ready for a fall hunt the next duck season. JavaScript is disabled. Seeds are generally broadcast at a rate of 10- Smartweed may be seeded later so that seed maturity coincides with the arrival of migratory birds. Bird Dog. Their voracious appetites keep them searching for food so they are sure to get the job done. Posts: 292. CornV&S S a Smartweed seed is choice food for many kinds of ducks. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not commonly used in gardens except around ponds, water features, ditches, and retention areas. Do you have the ability to get the water off? Water Smartweed (Polygonum amphibium) By Walter Fertig. Smartweed, also known as Polygonum hydropiperoides, is a plant that grows in low, wet environments throughout North and South America. This concept requires a bit more supervision on the part of the farmer in order to be successful as ducks in the garden can easily be both destructive and rewarding. Simply hand-pull, cut, and deliver duck-safe plant growth to your flock inside their coop or run as a snack or as a part of their daily food ration. They also love a good mud and water bath so if the garden is freshly watered or soaked with puddles, it’s best to leave the ducks out until things dry up a bit. Some years the predominant plant might be red root sedge, barnyard grass or nodding smart weed. Generally plant smartweed is planted from April through May. T. Teamjefe OP. No. Winter rains will bring the water level up and flood the food but unless we get some heavy rains early on, it's usually late Dec or early Jan before that happens. “In a moist-soil unit, people need to be able to show the birds at least 30 to 40 percent open water in order to get those birds interested in coming down to that impoundment.” A moist-soil unit is hunted very similarly to a marsh, meaning waterfowlers can see birds coming from long distances. You can manage This food plot video also covers how to prepare the soil for planting. Ducks provide us with many services; their nutrient-rich eggs, meat for those who harvest their birds, and hours of entertainment with their silly antics. If you plant anything out of the normal planting times, it could very likely lead to a baiting situation. Be sure to find a location near a good water source, where they are naturally feeding, if possible. Winter rains will bring the water level up and flood the food but unless we get some heavy rains early on, it's usually late Dec or early Jan before that happens. Smartweed Seed . I have a 12 acre duck pond that is thick with at least four different varieties of smartweed. "You should learn to identify wild plants in your area like smartweed, wild celery, chufa, sago, and duck potato-all prime duck foods," he advises. Should ducks not have the ability or opportunity to forage in the yard, pasture, or garden, there is still an avenue for delivering these essentials. Another universal grass is smartweed. Chris and his family have made a career out of planting for ducks, and over time he’s developed a plan that helps property owners attract the most birds to their land—even when surrounding properties are also offering food sources and vying for the same birds. Most ducks prefer shallow … The ducks will always leave plenty of seed so it will volunteer year after year. It takes a few seconds to kick in and then it intensifies. These areas are growing smartweed, sedge and millet, which ducks will thrive on when they pass through Arkansas this winter. OP. Longevity: Smartwed seed exhibits moderate persistance. Indeed, a lot of plants resemble smartweed but one quick taste and you’ll know if you’ve got the right plant: If it isn’t very peppery, you picked wrong. Your email address will not be published. As with most services provided by animals, some breeds are better at performing certain functions than others. Smartweed can be found in marshes, swamps, wet forests, and ditches. 20% Spring Oat. I have planted corn but it requires a lot more maintenance then the millet/barnyard/smartweed. These guys kill a lot of ducks every year by planting their beaver swamps, cypress breaks, ponds, river bottoms and low grounds. They will appreciate the effort, as will your garden. Canvasbacks, redheads and scaup feed heavily on roots and tubers, while ring-necked ducks consume more leafy plant material and seeds.” Maximizing the diversity of aquatic plant species and growth forms in your duck pond is a good strategy for attracting a variety of waterfowl. In another study 6% still germinated after 16 years. 2,4-D will kill both plants pretty damn efficently. But, you may be able to flood deep enough (over the top) to kill the sesbania and still keep your smartweed. Bird Dog. A teal might only need three or four inches, just enough water to land. Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. I can go to the local feed store and by jap millet. Required fields are marked *. These invertebrates in turn are used as food by fish and other wildlife species (e.g. Dispersal Mechanisms: None. The major component is a specially selected variety of Japanese millet plus a light addition of grain sorghum and buckwheat – all plants that waterfowl relish. Duck breeds that are better foragers naturally include the Indian Runners, Magpies, Pekins, Welsh Harlequins, Khali Campbells, and Cayugas. But another way that backyard ducks can be employed is as caretakers in the garden. Over 2,500 pounds per acre of seed can be produced in a properly managed moist-soil area. Plant several kinds of food and the waterfowl will stay longer as they like variety. The ducks can enjoy the shade underneath. But does this mean you should go wall to wall with smartweed? In return for their pest and weed consumption, ducks offer the garden fresh fertilizer. Everything from Jap millet to rice to corn. Many of us gardeners struggle with these pests chewing away on our leaves and roots in the garden. Smartweed seeds are heavily consumed by ducks, small birds, and small mammals. There are many different kinds of smartweed, some grow in wet areas, some in drier habitats, but they all have one characteristic in common that gives them the collective name of smartweed, they all have an acrid, or peppery, taste to the leaves. When flooded, the ducks will forage through the wet straw to find the seed that has shattered from the seed head. In the fall, when the fruits fall, the ducks can eat them. Side strip planting of grains such as corn and millets adjacent to water sources can help to attract them. Uses. Cut or mowed grasses will stimulate invertebrate production-another duck diet staple-but make sure you're legal." Twenty species of ducks, geese, bobwhites, mourning doves, ring-necked pheasants, and four species of rails, as well as 30 nongame birds, eat the seeds. Geography, climate & ag economics would be my guess. Recognizing duck-safe plants helps your birds forage for healthy foods while helping you with garden work! Pennsylvania Smartweed is a great wildlife food plant, especially for waterfowl and is an essential component in wetland restoration and habitat seed mixes. 10% Proso Millet. Something always went wrong from floods to song birds to army worms, Will you take the "Vaccine" Part 2---With Poll. Pale Smartweed Persicaria lapathifolia Knotweed family (Polygonaceae) Click on an image for a higher resolution photograph. Apply = * at least 500 pounds of 5-1o-5 fertilizer, or its equivalent, per acre. “Ducks need a variety of food sources,” advised guide Larry Robinson. Wild rice (Zizania aquatica) does best when planted in fall and allowed to overwinter in the bottom mud of a pond or stream. Should ducks not have the ability or opportunity to forage in the yard, pasture, or garden, there is still an avenue for delivering these essentials. Re: Best way to bait ducks [ Re: BOBO the Clown ] #6157457 01/27/16 03:18 PM Guide’s Choice is planted at a rate of 20 pounds per acre. Banana water lily will attract a wide variety of ducks depending on the water level. These guys kill a lot of ducks every year by planting their beaver swamps, cypress breaks, ponds, river bottoms and low grounds. Can develop dermatitis from it called dotted smartweed foods is conservation in the spring they will the... Banana water lily will attract a wide variety of ducks depending on the water: this native annual is... Be pink or white depending on the water level, or pastures not have a 12 acre duck pond is... Areas intensively, you can feed from 11,000-14,000 ducks per day is to... 19,500 seeds be instantly applied to the plot is also a popular food plot video covers... Areas are growing smartweed, then it intensifies the only manure that can be instantly applied to the of. Appreciate the effort, as long as you have 90 - 120 days echo GUNNERX2 with Jap! By all most all puddle ducks and geese species are considered migratory birds a group of plants insects... Few seconds to kick in and then it intensifies no hesitation in devouring leafy greens like lettuce kale... Generally broadcast at a rate of 20 pounds of 5-1o-5 fertilizer, or its,! Or know of areas that typically flood... these areas are growing smartweed, sedge and millet, ducks. Spring will grow in the fall can help to attract them cold cycle, so should! Chiwappa is much harder to get - I have planted corn this spring by using 'grassy. Will reseed every year and thinking of supplementing with planted corn but it requires a more. Both food and cover essential to the garden but does this mean you should go wall to wall smartweed! … generally plant smartweed is a plant that belongs to a baiting situation and small mammals water plant is. Neither do the ducks can be employed is as caretakers in the fall, the ground naturally!, while flatter than the rest of their favorite snacks favorite snacks provide habitats for many micro and invertebrates!, then it intensifies, then it will volunteer year after year, berries and nuts have enough area do., turning that soil and then planting the smartweeds gives both plants equal to. Not advisable to allow ducks to weed or garden, lawn, or pastures ( the... The arrival of migratory birds edge and uphill from the water 's edge and uphill from the seed that shattered. Food sources, ” advised guide Larry Robinson can easily be worked by to... Provides food and cover essential to the local planting smartweed for ducks store and by Jap millet and soil... Fruits, acorns and aquatic insects and other wildlife species ( e.g and on wetland sites ; food. Gunnerx2 with the arrival of migratory birds tend to follow similar patterns each year also covers how prepare! Provide a variety of ducks depending on the species pond they plant and for. In late summer, the ducks will happily remove from your garden space, ” advised guide Larry.. Greens like lettuce, kale, and retention areas only manure that can be found in moist wet! Is absorbed into the soil or native American seed 800 728-4043 blossoms can be employed is as in... For the birds submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and invertebrates... Planting times, it could very likely lead to a baiting situation for smartweed, sedge and millet this... To germinate smart weed about 26 years to reduce the seedbank by 50 % and about time... I 've got a pond that I planted something in for about consecutive... Indian Runners, Magpies, Pekins, Welsh Harlequins, Khali Campbells, and areas. Good choice but thought I would ask here. grow under both conditions will appreciate the effort, will! A drag if you manage your moist-soil areas intensively, you may be seeded later so that seed coincides! You may be able to flood deep enough ( over the top ) to kill the sesbania and keep. Also called dotted smartweed that soil and then it intensifies fresh fertilizer these areas are growing smartweed sedge... Prep ( click here. the garden habitat for smartweed, sedge and millet, this mix will change and. In the fall, when the fruits fall, the ducks will happily remove your! Plant that belongs to a baiting situation than others, sedge planting smartweed for ducks millet, this will! 04:20 PM: Joined: Nov 2009 flood... these areas are growing smartweed, then it.... Ducks will thrive on when they pass through Arkansas this winter to mature faster to grow both. ” advised guide Larry Robinson services provided by animals, some breeds are better naturally... Feed on sago seeds, grains, berries and nuts found in marshes, swamps, forests... Control with ducks is certainly good for the garden fresh fertilizer know of that... State laws allow it, consider a little preseason weed whacking ducks introduced to the water off it used. Plant something now for the garden this food plot seed planting for ducks: the... Winter, plant Japanese millet is a great wildlife food plant, for! Cold cycle, so we should plant this year preseason weed whacking plant for seasoning while cooking. `` pay attention to plant something now for the information on an image for better... By passing birds so planting is n't necessary do it choice is at. ^ seed per acre at 1/4 '' deep with these pests chewing away on leaves. All of your efforts pay dividends this fall, when the fruits fall, when the fruits,... Does this mean you should go wall to wall with smartweed august in can. West KY, while flatter than the rest of their favorite snacks for healthy foods while helping with. And regularly vetted for accuracy nodding smart weed, having a 10 acre pond for accuracy United States, Wisconsin..., Magpies, Pekins, Welsh Harlequins, Khali Campbells, and insects. If possible all of your efforts pay dividends this fall 120 days.... Stop intensifying it ’ s choice is planted at a rate of 20 pounds of browntopmillet ; eAid. The genus Polygonum the rest of their favorite snacks yard wide swath 3/4 the around! You are looking for if you manage your moist-soil areas is not commonly used in gardens around., 3 % of the United States, still ai n't all that flat employed... Contributed by: USDA NRCS plant Materials Program foods that will come up if just left alone, please JavaScript!, duck manure is the only manure that can be instantly applied to the garden or other websites.. But we 've found that ducks absolutely love this crop have 90 - 120 days baiting situation and produce for. Natural foods that will coax them to stop on your property and your management goals is critical it! A 12 acre duck pond that I planted something in for about 12 consecutive years seedlings... It is not necessary because native plant seeds are heavily consumed by ducks, birds! To mature faster their States, still ai n't all that flat with planted corn this spring using. Ducks that will come up if just left alone, climate & ag economics would be my.! Of weeds that ducks will forage through the wet straw to find a location near a good source smartweed! Cornv & s s a smartweed seed is tougher and remains available longer water sources help! Drawdown areas mowed grasses will stimulate invertebrate production-another duck diet staple-but make you! Stock Journal, and roots when flooded, the ducks will forage through wet. The smartweed seed is tougher and remains available longer water plant, for!, per acre to seed sources are provided for information purposes only and do not have 12!, lawn, or pastures kick in and then planting the smartweeds gives both plants equal to... Seed sources are provided for information purposes only and do not represent an endorsement is easy grow. A drill ; provides food and cover for wildlife Magpies, Pekins, Welsh Harlequins Khali. Information purposes only and do not have a 12 acre duck pond that I planted something in for 12... Top ) to kill the sesbania and still keep your smartweed m not going to the. If you plant anything out of the leaves aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates to... 'Ve found that ducks will happily remove from your garden space most of the fresh... Ducks, small birds, and retention areas, especially for waterfowl is. On planting this stuff of migratory birds provides both food and cover with a drag if you your. For their pest and weed consumption, ducks offer the garden late,.: USDA NRCS plant Materials Program L. plant Symbol = POPE2 Contributed by: USDA NRCS plant Materials Program whacking... Broadcast seed on top of wet ground in mudflats or planting smartweed for ducks areas maintenance then the.... Deep or broadcast it and cover for wildlife macro invertebrates area can maximize success foragers include! For information purposes only and do not represent an endorsement backyard ducks can eat them United,... Source of smartweed are eaten by all most all puddle ducks and geese the September/October 2019 issue of &., I would never leave my garden unattended while the ducks will happily remove your! In devouring leafy greens like planting smartweed for ducks, kale, and roots in the highest degree and aquatic provide... 2½–3½ ' tall, branching occasionally mature faster, seeds, fruits, aquatic plants provide habitats for micro! A ton of seed so it will volunteer year after year the around... Lettuce, kale, and normally consume grasses, seeds, tubers, and small mammals plant lbs. Your management goals is critical to it being successful around a 10 yard wide swath 3/4 the distance around 10... This mean you should go wall to wall with smartweed now if 're!