In comparison to other toxic chemicals and metals like lead, arsenic, barium, and aluminum, antimony doesn't get as many mentions. Since antimony is not known to fulfill a biological role in the human body, there is growing concern about its effects on humans. * Exposure to Antimony Trioxidecan irritate the nose, mouth, throat and lungs causing cough, wheezing and/or shortness of breath. Author A Bernard 1 Affiliation 1 Department of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. Symptoms of mild Antimony contamination may be insidious and multiple including: fatigue, muscle weakness, myopathy, and metallic taste. Chronic exposure to antimony compounds has been associated with myocardial effects, heart compli- cations and altered ECG patterns (Winship, 1987). Antimony, which has damaging effects on the human body and the ecosystem, can be released into soils, ground-, and surface waters either from ore minerals that weather in near surface environments, or due to anthropogenic releases from waste rich in antimony, a component used in batteries, electronics, ammunitions, plastics, and many other industrial applications. This indicated the existence of unidentified common pathways of exposure contributing to the alimentary body burden. The antimony mirror was blacker and was deposited on the tube walls nearer the flame used to decompose the stibine gas that was evolved from the solution being analysed. The liquid is sometimes used in furniture polishes and patent leather treatment. Antimony accumulates in human lung tissue after inhalation exposure to antimony ore (especially antimony trisulfide as well as aluminium, magnesium, titanium, iron, copper, zinc, arsenic, tin and lead among others; composition depending on origin; Groth et al. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. It has been used as a medicine to treat people infected with certain types of parasites. Antimony has some useful but undoubtedly harmful effects on health and well-being and measures need to be taken to prevent hazardous exposure of the like. Take our Quiz and we’ll help you get started! Uranium in the environment refers to the science of the sources, environmental behaviour, and effects of uranium on humans and other animals. Those who breathed in the compound, like the port workers mentioned above, may suffer from symptoms like pneumoconiosis, gastrointestinal concerns, antimony spots appearing on their skin, and respiratory irritation. †Results may vary. It can affect the central nervous function leading to mental disorder, damage the blood constituents and may damage the lungs, liver, kidneys and other vital organs promoting several disease conditions [ 6 ]. Side effects of antimony therapy (the average dose is up to 1 g/d for 10 days) include myocarditis, hepatitis and nephritis. Antimony can also cause problems with the lungs, heart, and stomach. Some studies have shown up to 100 times the amount of antimony in bottled water than in clean groundwater. Flame retardants for plastics and textiles: practical applications. Antimony and its compounds do not cause acute human health effects, with the exception of antimony potassium tartrate ("tartar emetic"), a prodrug that is intentionally used to treat leishmaniasis patients. The level of exposure depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done. We pride ourselves on being your source for the best, scientifically-accurate advice for healthy living. Normal functioning of the kidney, brain, liver, heart, and numerous other systems can be affected by uranium exposure, because uranium … All testimonials and product reviews are authentic from actual customers. Chronic Beryllium Disease (CBD) A chronic scarring lung disorder where scarring prevents oxygen from moving freely from the lungs to the blood. Because antimony is widely used and present in so many everyday items, the health concerns caused by exposure to toxic antimony compounds are a real threat. Stibine can be formed when certain antimony alloys come in contact with strong acids. The ancient Egyptians used antimony, in the form of stibnite, for black eye make-up. [7] [8] [9]. Many of the skin effects, such as rashes and purplish, swollen "Covid toes," also clear up on their own. When your body accumulates antimony over time it influences and raises your blood cholesterol while at the same time can decrease your blood sugar level. Documentation is available for legal inspection. Symptoms and physical findings associated with heavy metal poisoning vary according to the metal accumulated. As such, heavy metal toxicity can have several consequences in the human body. Breathing high levels for a long time can irritate your eyes and lungs and can cause heart and lung problems, stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach ulcers. 1970, Gerhardsson et al. Other effects noted in humans chronically exposed to antimony by inhalation are cardiovascular effects (increased blood pressure, altered EKG readings and heart muscle damage) and gastrointestinal disorders. Side Effects & Safety When taken by mouth: Arsenic is LIKELY SAFE when eaten in normal food amounts. While it is generally considered a “safe" plastic, and does not contain BPA, in the presence of heat it can leach antimony, a toxic metalloid, into food and beverages, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea and stomach ulcers. Although there were investigations It is not known whether elemental antimony will cause cancer in people. It can be harmful to the eyes and skin. Antimony trioxide, used in the manufacturing of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic, has been classified as a possible human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Another source of industrial poisoning has been the solution of antimony trichloride in hydrochloric acid known as bronzing fluid, a name which describes it usefulness in imparting a bronzelike finish to other metals such as cast iron. In one particular study researching antimony in the blood, a group of dockworkers had the highest levels of antimony ever reported. Workers may be harmed from exposure to antimony and its compounds. Antimony poisoning, harmful effects upon body tissues and functions of ingesting or inhaling certain compounds of antimony. Deaths from drinking bronzing fluid have been reported but this has never been a suitable agent for perpetrating a murder because the liquid is corrosive and it would be impossible to administer without the intended victim being aware of it. You need to address these issues at the source. [6], And while the EPA and EU both have water standards for antimony they claim are well below toxic levels, those in the UK may want to be careful drinking juice concentrates. Additionally, underlying mechanisms of disease development in each organ system due to arsenic have also been explored. Antimony is used as a part of the therapy for these conditions and can sometimes have toxic side effects that lead to pancreatitis and cardio toxicity. 4. Ingestion of large amounts can lead to gastrointestinal symptoms such as severe vomiting, disturbances of the blood and circulation, damage to the nervous system, and eventually death. Learn more about the composition, form, and physical adaptations of the human body. Inorganic arsenic is a known human carcinogen — it is this form of arsenic that is linked with increased risks of cancer and other health effects. The use of hair for diagnosing antimony exposure has become very popular because of the uncomplicated sampling and preservation, but the true utility of such studies remains uncertain. The level in urine is normally around 250 ppt (which is equivalent to a mere 0.000000025%). Reduced lung function can make it more difficult for you to breathe as deeply and easily as you normally would. 2008 Oct;128(4):557-64. 2009 June 1. [2]. This treatment, too, would often save a patient's life, and there are cases on record in which patients with blood antimony levels of 0.1 ppm - which is more than 60 times the normal level and a sign of severe poisoning - being successfully treated without resorting to chelating drugs. Antimony has some useful but undoubtedly harmful effects on health and well-being and measures need to be taken to prevent hazardous exposure of the like. Stibine is a metal hydride form of antimony us… The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifies formaldehyde as a human carcinogen . Because antimony is used in brake pad systems for heavy weight vehicles, and port workers are exposed to that kind of traffic on a daily basis. Long-term inhalation of antimony can potentiate pneumoconiosis, altered electrocardiograms, stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach ulcers, results which were conÞ rmed in laboratory animals. antimony in the air at levels of 9 mg/m 3 may exacerbate irritation of the eyes, skin, and lungs. [1] [7] [8], Governments now monitor bottled water since toxic antimony can leak from the plastic bottles into the water. Breathing high levels for a long time can irritate the eyes and lungs and can cause heart and lung problems, stomach pain and ulcers, diarrhea, and vomiting. High levels of antimony in drinking water can cause vomiting and abdominal pain. Antimony (Sb) is a silver-white brittle solid or a dark-gray, lustrous powder. Get helpful articles, health tips, & natural health remedies straight to your inbox. Hansen C, Tsirigotaki A, Bak SA, Pergantis SA, Stürup S, Gammelgaard B, Hansen HR. The use of hair for diagnosing antimony exposure has become very popular because of the uncomplicated sampling and preservation, but the true utility of such studies remains uncertain. The best test for antimony in Victorian times was the Marsh test which gave a metallic mirror, just as it did with arsenic. Some organs of the body have relatively high amounts, such as the brain with 0.1 ppm, the hair with 0.7 ppm, the liver with 0.2 ppm, and the kidneys with 0.2 ppm, yet none of this poses a threat to health. It is not known whether elemental antimony will cause cancer in people. Do you have a water treatment system in your house? These effects include Direct toxicity, as in the cases of lead, cadmium, and mercury Carcinogens, as in the case of diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) Endocrine disruption, which can lead to cancers, birth defects, immune system suppression and developmental problems in children. In short-term studies, animals that breathed very high levels of antimony died. Dioxins are environmental pollutants. Workers may be harmed from exposure to antimony and its compounds. Even if you eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly, the effects of dehydration can be pretty severe. It is slowly excreted by the kidneys but this is not helped by the drop in urine production, which is a symptom of antimony poisoning. In all these organs there is usually more antimony present than arsenic for the simple reason that arsenic is rapidly excreted from the body whereas antimony tends to linger. Due to high volume with shipping carriers, orders may experience a 2-3 day delay in delivery. 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