[2], It was at this arsenal that Captain Neville Bertie-Clay developed the Mark IV cartridge, the so-called "Dum-dum bullet", a soft-point bullet, and a hollow point version designed to mushroom on striking. Ordnance Factory Dumdum (OFDC) and Gun & Shell Factory Cossipore(GSF) of the Ordnance Factories Board are located in Dum Dum. M.H.P./B.B.M. Dum is one of the 543 parliamentary constituencies in India. The bullets were referred to as Dum Dum's because they were produced at the Dum Dum arsenal. According to the International Committee of the Red Cross's customary international law study, customary international law now prohibits their use in any armed conflicts. The Dum Dum bullets were unjacketed lead rounds produced by the Dum Dum Arsenal in India during the late 19th century. British bullet with the nose of the jacket left open to expose the lead core in the hope of increasing effectiveness and … Bullets used for medium and large game need better penetration, which means bullets designed to maintain integrity and for less expansion. “The ‘dum-dum’ was a British military bullet developed for use in India – at the Dum-Dum Arsenal – on the North West Frontier in the late 1890s. Some means had to be found to stop them. 1897, named for Dum Dum arsenal in Bengal, where the British made them to use against fanatical charges by tribesmen. Back in the mid-1890s, Captain Neville Bertie-Clay, Superintendent of the Dum Dum Arsenal, developed a .303 cartridge designed to more effectively stop a “determined rush” of attackers in close-quarters fighting. [23] Listen to the audio pronunciation of Dum Dum Arsenal on pronouncekiwi. Dum Dum Cantonment is the birthplace of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. For this reason they are used for hunting and by most police departments, but are generally prohibited for use in war. damdama The adoption of rifling allowed the use of longer, heavier bullets, but these were still typically constructed of soft lead and would often double in diameter upon impact. These were not the first expanding bullets, however; hollow point expanding bullets were commonl… The United Metallic Cartridge [18], The German protests were effective, however, resulting in the ban of the use of expanding bullets in warfare. South Dum Dum is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is close to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA) bound by Sinthee and Cossipore to the west, Kolkata Airport and Rajarhat to the north, Shyambazar and Belgachia to the south and Salt Lake to the east. Dumdum definition is - a bullet (such as one with a hollow point) that expands more than usual upon hitting an object. Dum-dum, or dumdum, bullet is a an slang term for expanding bullets, derived from the Dumdum Arsenal, near Calcutta, India. During the 19th century the area was home to the Dum Dum Arsenal, a British Royal Artillery armoury. British bullet with the nose of the jacket left open to expose the lead core in the hope of increasing effectiveness and fragmentation. The Dum Dum Arsenal was a British military facility located near the town of Dum Dum in modern West Bengal, India.. This potential problem resulted in the rejection of the Dum-dum design and led to independent development of the Mark III, Mark IV (1897) and Mark V (1899) .303 British rounds, which were of the hollow-point design, with the jacket covering the base; while these were made in Britain, not at the Dum-Dum arsenal, the name "Dum-dum" had already become associated with expanding bullets, and continued to be used to refer to any expanding bullets. The arsenal is famously known for being at the center of the cartridge grease controversy in the events leading up to the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Dum Dum bullets were developed for use by British and colonial forces on India’s Northwest Frontier in the 1890s. Expanding bullets were given the name Dum-dum, or dumdum, after an early British example produced in the Dum Dum Arsenal, near Calcutta, India by Captain Neville Bertie-Clay. The name Dum Dum is a colloquial name, it actually goes all the way back to 1897. [6] [7] [8] There were several expanding bullets produced by this arsenal for the .303 British cartridge, including soft-point and hollow-point designs. ", On 7 December 1908, a serious, accidental explosion occurred at the Dum Dum arsenal, resulting in the death or serious injury to about 50 workmen. Barrackpore is a city in the West Bengal state of India. Yet, to hear the media tell it, Dum-Dum bullets are the preferred ammo choice by gang bangers everywhere. During the 19th century the area was home to the Dum Dum Arsenal, a British Royal Artillery armoury, where, in the early 1890s, Captain Neville Bertie-Clay developed a bullet with the jacket cut away at the tip to reveal its soft lead core (see hollow-point bullet), known informally as a dum-dum, or more correctly as an expanding bullet. Dumdum-luodit ovat luoteja, jotka laajenevat voimakkaasti ja mahdollisesti pirstaloituvat ("räjähtävät") osuessaan kohteeseen.. Nimi "dumdum" annettiin näille luodeille niiden ensimmäisen valmistuspaikan, Intiassa lähellä Kalkuttaa sijaitsevan Dumdumin mukaan, jossa oli englantilaisten asevarikko ja patruunalataamo Dum-Dum Arsenal … The arsenal figured prominently in the Sepoy Mutiny. Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute: Laws of War: Declaration on the Use of Bullets Which Expand or Flatten Easily in the Human Body; July 29, 1899, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Expanding_bullet&oldid=992970525, Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 02:47. It was originally a jacketed .303 cal. In the late 19th century, the invention of cordite and other nitrocellulose-based "smokeless" propellants permitted higher velocity than black powder, along with flatter trajectories and correspondingly higher hit probabilities. Click here to start a new topic. The 'dum-dum' was a British military bullet developed at the Dum-Dum Arsenal in India. Dum Arsenal is on Facebook. The dum-dum was a British military bullet developed in Indiaþs Dum-Dum Arsenal and used on India’s North West Frontier and in the Sudan in 1897 and 1898. These would often flatten upon impact with the target, causing a larger wound than the original diameter of the ball. The Dum Dum Arsenal was a British military facility located near the town of Dum Dum in modern West Bengal, India. Noun . Dum Dum Arsenal, Calcutta, India: 11: D: E. I. If I remember right, they were used by the British Army to put down the Sepoy Mutiny. On the 7th of December 1908 a serious explosion occurred by accident at the Dum-Dum arsenal, resulting in death or serious injury to about 50 native workmen. to penetrate a windshield or heavy clothing. called Dum Dum (or similarly sounding local name) … The three cities that bear the name are Dum Dum, North Dum Dum, and South Dum Dum… Dum-Dum Bullet A British military bullet developed in India`s Dum-Dum Arsenal and used on India`s North West Frontier and in the Sudan in 1897 and 1898. The term “Dum Dum” comes from its place of origin, the Dum-Dum Ammunition Factory near the West Bengal town of Dum Dum, India. '"[20] However, the rest of the delegates at the Hague Convention 1899 did not accept this justification and voted 22–2 to prohibit the future use of the dumdum bullet.[20]. The text of the declaration states, "The present Declaration is only binding for the Contracting Powers in the case of a war between two or more of them". Back in the mid-1890s, Captain Neville Bertie-Clay, Superintendent of the Dum Dum Arsenal, developed a.303 cartridge designed to more effectively stop a “determined rush” of … They were later banned in warfare by the Hague Convention as being "too inhumane. The infamous bullet design was created by the Dum Dum Arsenal… These were not the first expanding bullets, however; hollow-point expanding bullets were commonly used for hunting thin-skinned game in express rifles as early as the mid-1870s. Examples are use of appropriately expanding bullets in hunting in which it is desirable to stop the animal quickly, either to prevent loss of a game animal or to ensure a humane death of the animal, and in law enforcement or self-defence if quickly neutralising an aggressor may be needed to prevent further loss of life or the bullet must remain inside the target to prevent collateral damage. Dum-Dum bullets were later outlawed for military use by the Hague Convention of 1899. Dum Dum bullets, because they are … The name was derived from the Persian word damdama, which refers to a raised mound or a battery. Expanding bullets are less likely to pass through the target, and if they do they will exit at a lower velocity. [19], During the Hague Convention of 1899, the British delegation attempted to justify the use of the dumdum bullet by pointing to its utility when fighting in overseas conflicts. It is close to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). Dum Dum Arsenal, Dum Dum= , India 11 S Israeli Military Industr= ies, Tel Aviv, Israel 1 S Königliches Munitionsfabrik, Spandau, Spandau, Germany 1 S Pirotecnia Militar de Se= villa, Sevilla, Spain 3 S Sako A. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Dum Dum Arsenal article. For other uses, see, Bullet that expands on impact, creating a large wound, Review Conference of the Rome Statute in Kampala. [1] This will slow the bullet down and more of its kinetic energy will be transferred to the target, creating a larger wound channel. Within the British Indian Army, the Dum Dum Arsenal produced a solution : the jacketing was removed from the nose of the bullet, creating the first soft point bullets. [13], The earliest examples of bullets specifically designed to expand on impact were those fired by express rifles, which were developed in the mid 19th century. Watch Queue Queue Er, no. All three are part of the Kolkata … dum dum arsenal in a sentence - Use "dum dum arsenal" in a sentence 1. One solution to this was the "cruciform expanding bullet", a solid bullet with a cross-shaped incision in the tip. He lies down on his stretcher and is taken off the field to his ambulance, where he is dressed or bandaged. These were … The headstamps of Canadian … [22][23] This has been disputed by the United States, which maintains that the use of expanding bullets can be legal when there is a clear military necessity. Ardagh explained to an absorbed audience, 'men penetrated through and through several times by our latest pattern of small calibre projectiles, which make small clean holes,' were nevertheless able to rush on and come to close quarters. Soon after the introduction of smokeless powder to firearms, full metal jacket bullets were introduced to prevent lead fouling in the bore caused by the higher pressures and velocities when used with soft lead bullets. It was used on the North West Frontier and the Sudan in the late 1890s. On the 7th of December 1908 a serious explosion occurred by accident at the Dum-Dum arsenal, resulting in death or serious injury to about 50 … The Dum Dum Arsenal was a British military facility located near the town of Dum Dum in modern West Bengal, India. There are a number of designs used for hunting different game and for use in weapons with different muzzle velocities. The dum-dum comprised a jacketed .303 bullet with the jacket nose open to expose its lead core. Dum Dum Arsenal; Dum-dum bullets; Dum-dum fever; List of reduplicated place names; Related Research Articles. Dum-Dum Arsenal was a British military facility located near the town of Dum Dum (near Calcutta) in modern West Bengal, India.. The history of the.303 British round is intertwined to the infamous "Dum-Dum" bullets, named after the Dum Dum Arsenal, located outside of Kolkata (India, formerly a British colony) where they were first conceived. Within the British Indian Army, the Dum Dum Arsenal produced a solution: the jacketing was removed from the nose of the bullet, creating the first soft point bullets. [12], Early bullets were typically made in the form of spheres of nearly pure lead, which is a soft metal. In this case expansion was a side effect of materials, and there is no evidence that the bullets were designed to expand upon impact. Grundge Beast Ceo of MaDD HouSe ProDucTions M.H.P. One method of lightening the bullets used was to provide a deep cavity in the nose of the bullet. Dum-Dum Arsenal was a British military facility located near the town of Dum Dum (near Calcutta) in modern West Bengal, India. Dumdum-luodit ovat luoteja, jotka laajenevat voimakkaasti ja mahdollisesti pirstaloituvat ("räjähtävät") osuessaan kohteeseen.. Nimi "dumdum" annettiin näille luodeille niiden ensimmäisen valmistuspaikan, Intiassa lähellä Kalkuttaa sijaitsevan Dumdumin mukaan, jossa oli englantilaisten asevarikko ja patruunalataamo Dum-Dum Arsenal 1800-luvun lopulla. dum dum (plural dum dums) (informal, firearms) A soft point or hollow point bullet, designed to expand when it hits its target and therefore cause more serious damage. [21] Until relatively recently, the prohibition on the use of expanding bullets was applicable only to international armed conflicts between the countries that have signed it. [1] [2] There were several expanding bullets produced by this arsenal for the .303 British … Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. This increased the expansion of the bullet on hitting its target. Dum Dum Bullets. Dum Dum Arsenal (or Dum-Dum Arsenal) was a British colonial arsenal located near the town of Dum Dum in modern West Bengal, India. (c) Dum Dum Arsenal India (d) Radway Green Arsenal, post 1944 Figure 2.18 Examples of British military headstamps. 16 Dum are in North 24 Parganas district. Yeahh Bwoyy!!! Unfortunately it is only Winchester information. hill, mound, battery, cognate with Pers. It is the headquarters of the Barrackpore subdivision. The three cities that bear the name are Dum Dum, North Dum Dum, and South Dum Dum. It was a rifle bullet with an exposed lead tip. Your fanatical barbarian, similarly wounded, continues to rush on, spear or sword in hand; and before you have the time to represent to him that his conduct is in flagrant violation of the understanding relative to the proper course for the wounded man to follow—he may have cut off your head. The term was common for a while but nowadays only true gun dorks know what it means. This causes the bullet to increase in diameter, to combat over-penetration and produce a larger wound. For this reason expanding bullets are often used in hunting because their stopping power increases the chance of a quick kill. These were the first hollow-point bullets, and in addition to developing higher velocities, they also expanded significantly upon impact. For this reason, and to maximize the stopping effect, law enforcement organizations use expanding bullets. The Dumdum Arsenal was a British military facility located near the town of Dum Dum in modern West Bengal, India.. Comprising a short history of why the Hague (now Geneva) Convention outlawed soft point ammunition, and why that was and is a mistake based on politics and bad science. The protest, however, was based on the comparison of the wounds produced by expanding and non-expanding bullets from high velocity sporting rifles, rather than a comparison of the expanding .303 British bullets with the previous, large bore service cartridge it replaced, the .577/450 Martini-Henry. This split section expanded only to the depth of the incision, making it an early form of controlled expansion bullet.[14]. Du Pont de Nemours & Co. Wilmington DE: 2: D: Gustav Genschow & Co., Durlach, Germany: 3: D: Königliche Munitions Fabrik, Dresden Royal Munitions Factory (Government Facility), Dresden, Germany: 1: D22: Unknown Factory, Peoples Republic of China: 15: d53: Unknown Factory, … [1]O arsenal estava no centro da rebelião indiana de 1857, causado em parte por rumores de que os cartuchos de papel para seus rifles por antecarga, que deveriam ser abertos antes do uso (em … There were several expanding bullets produced by this arsenal for the .303 British cartridge, including soft-point and hollow-point designs. The dum-dum was a British military bullet developed in Indiaþs Dum-Dum Arsenal and used on India’s North West Frontier and in the Sudan in 1897 and 1898. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. The city has several hospitals and a college affiliated with the University… Dum Dum is an important commercial center in Kolkata. This was one of the first series of expanding bullets for military use. The city is just northeast of Kolkata (Calcutta). The aim was to improve the bullet’s effectiveness by increasing its expansion upon … Two typical designs are the hollow-point bullet and the soft-point bullet. Se on osa Kalkuttaa; Dum Dum on noin 22 km Kalkutan keskuksesta.Kaupungin alkuperäinen nimi oli "Domdoma". Barbara Tuchman writes that, "Developed by the British to stop the rush of fanatical tribesman, the bullets were vigorously defended by Sir John Ardagh against the heated attack of all except the American military delegate, Captain Crozier, whose country was about to make use of them in the Philippines. Pakistan Ordnance Factory: 1947 onwards: S: Kirkee Arsenal, Southern Circuit: 1895-1913: Canadian. Dum Dum bullets, because they are soft, expand on impact, rendering vicious wounds. This leads to a living target being incapacitated faster. [9] The use of the term "Dum-dum" applied to expanding bullets other than the early .303 designs is considered slang by most ammunition and ballistics sources. Expanding bullets were given the name Dum-dum, or dumdum, after an early British example produced in the Dum Dum Arsenal, near Calcutta, India by Captain Neville Bertie-Clay. Report dis user: FookinRxpper. All the seven assembly segments of No. The arsenal was at the centre of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, caused in part by rumours that the paper cartridges for their muzzle-loading rifles, which they were expected to bite open, were greased with pig lard (a problem for Muslims) or cow fat (a problem for Hindus). [21][22] This is often incorrectly believed to be prohibited by the Geneva Conventions, but it significantly predates those conventions, and is in fact a continuance of the Declaration of St Petersburg in 1868, which banned exploding projectiles of less than 400 grams. Dum Dum is located at It has an average elevation of 11 metres (36 feet). [26][27], Works related to Wilhelm's telegraph to Wilson at Wikisource, "Dumdum" redirects here. Dum Dum Arsenal, Northern Circuit: 1895-1914: OK: Ordnance Factory, Khamaria, Jubbulpore: 1943-1970s: P.O.F. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary that includes the word dum dum arsenal: General (1 matching dictionary). If I remember right, they were used by the British Army to put down the Sepoy Mutiny. One of the first “hollow point” bullets was the so-called Dum Dum. Er, no. Headstamps on military ammunition are usually applied in a strict pattern, … In the 1890s, the British military developed a bullet to be used at Dum Dum arsenal in India's North-West frontier and was named 'dumdum' bullet. invention in the late 1890's, by workers at "Dum Dum" arsenal in India. ORIGIN from Dum Dum, name of a town and arsenal near … : Put new text under old text. The arsenal was at the centre of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, caused in part by rumours that the paper cartridges for their muzzle-loading rifles, which they were expected to bite open, were greased with pig lard (a problem for Muslims) or cow fat (a problem for Hindus). Dum Dum, the industrial suburbs of Kolkata (Calcutta), southeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India. dum-dum, dumdum; Etymology . [4] Even then some penetration is needed, e.g. The Mark IV was successful enough in its first use in the battle of Omdurman that British soldiers issued with the standard Mark II bullets began to remove the top of the jacket, converting the Mark II bullets into improvised Dum-dum types. The adoption of an amendment to Article 8 at the Review Conference of the Rome Statute in Kampala (2010) makes the use of expanding bullets in non-international armed conflict a war crime. This reduces the risk of accidental injury. The earliest known date for Canadian 303 production is 1894. These hollow-point bullets worked well on thin-skinned game, but tended to come apart on bigger game, resulting in insufficient penetration. Expanding bullets were given the name Dum-dum, or dumdum, after an early British example produced in the Dum Dum Arsenal, near Calcutta, India by Captain Neville Bertie-Clay. The dum-dum comprised a jacketed .303 round with the jacket nose left open to expose its lead core. The term “Dum Dum” comes from its place of origin, the Dum-Dum Ammunition Factory near the West Bengal town of Dum Dum, India. Expanding bullets were given the name Dum-dum, or dumdum, after an early British example produced in the Dum Dum Arsenal, near Calcutta, India by Captain Neville Bertie-Clay. 1 The bullets were never fully developed and discontinued in 1899. ; New to Wikipedia? B., (Suojeluskun= tain Ase-je Konepa ja Oy), Riihimaki, Finland 1 S Unknown Factory, France 15 SA Cartagena, … However, limiting recoil to an acceptable level required higher velocity rounds to be lighter and thus smaller diameter. type of metal-cased bullet which expands on impact, 1897, named for Dum-Dum arsenal in Bengal. Expanding bullets were given the name Dum-dum, or dumdum, after an early British example produced in the Dum Dum Arsenal, near Calcutta, India by Captain Neville Bertie-Clay. The Dum Dum Arsenal was a British military facility located near the town of Dum Dum in modern West Bengal, India. Expanding bullets, also known colloquially as dumdum bullets, are projectiles designed to expand on impact. It was originally a jacketed.303 cal. There were several expanding bullets produced by this arsenal for the .303 British cartridge, including soft point and hollow point designs. Probably the most concentrated collection of shotshell information is in the Standard Catalog of Winchester. It was a jacketed .303 cal. Ask questions, get answers. The expansion itself is sometimes called mushrooming. [6][7][8] There were several expanding bullets produced by this arsenal for the .303 British cartridge, including soft-point and hollow-point designs. The British Dum Dum Arsenal was near the town of Dum Dum, India . Dum Dum bullets were unjacketed lead rounds produced by the Dum Dum Arsenal in India during the late 19th century. To my vague recollection it was during colonial wars maybe around the turn of 1800 in the region of Istanbul and India near a place (maybe a city?) 'The civilized soldier when shot recognizes that he is wounded and knows that the sooner he is attended to the sooner he will recover. Sign in to disable ALL ads. [17] Because the energy was roughly the same, the wounds caused by the expanding bullet of the .303 were less severe than those caused by the larger caliber, solid lead bullet used by the Martini-Henry. Dumdum definition is - a bullet (such as one with a hollow point) that expands more than usual upon hitting an object. The expanding bullets expanded upon impact to a diameter significantly greater than the original .312 inch (7.92 mm) bullet diameter, producing larger diameter wounds than the full-metal-jacketed versions. The name was derived from the Persian word damdama, which refers to a raised mound or a battery. [5] Such a bullet would have less possibility of penetrating body armour or heavy equipment worn on the body. Dum Dum, the industrial suburbs of Kolkata (Calcutta), southeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India. This video is unavailable. Let’s begin our journey at the British arsenal in Dum Dum, India, a short distance northeast of Calcutta. 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