Chhetri or Kshettriya are Nepali speakers of the Khas community. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Nepal. Her status will be raised when she gives birth to a child, especially when she gives birth to a son. In this system everyone was organized in terms of their relative ritual purity into the four broad varnasof the classical Hindu caste system: the Brahman priests, the Kshatriya kings and warriors, the Vaisya traders and businessmen and the Sudra peasants and laborers 窶・with an additional group technically 窶徙utside窶・the caste system because of their ritually defiling occupations which rendered them … Most marriages are monogamous, but polygynous unions were traditionally frequent and are still occasionally found. Orientation Female, Hindu, Chhetri, Nepali . People of the Khas group as well as children conceived from the relationships of Brahmin men and Khas women were named Khatri, after which they obtained the status of Chhetri. Encyclopedia of World Cultures. Fields are often terraced and mostly have been fractionated into small plots through inheritance over generations. Khanal > Bahun > Kaushik (Purbiya) Chhetri is the largest caste/ethnic groups having 16.6% (4,398,053) of the total population followed by Brahman-Hill (12.2% ; 3,226,903).”. I am Ranjana Dhami. . Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. The 5 main Chhetri families at Royal court of Nepal formed group called Kaji Khalak (Aristocrats). They are the indigenous people of the Kathmandu valley the and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic civilization. Those conflicts that cannot be settled through informal means at the village level are referred to the legal and judicial system of Nepal. Due to the greed of this regional word, the word Chhetri or Kshatriya is derived as another new word. The village affairs are managed by a formally or informally formed council of elders, in which Brahmini and Chhetri often play a significant role due to the status of landowners and relatively high education. Men shave their heads for mourning. Bista, Dor Bahadur (1987). They have been named after the professions they are found to be engaged in. Dangerous Wives and Sacred Sisters: Social and Symbolic Roles of High-Caste Women in Nepal New York: Columbia University Press. Hitchcock, John T. (1978). Socialization. Brahmins and Chhetris are of different types in Nepal , Terai Brahmins and Chhetris(who call themselves Rajputs) and hill Brahmins(Bahuns) and Chhetris. They also handle all the rituals performed during marriage. CHAURASHIYA. Sunil Chhetri Wiki| Biography| Height| Age| Weight| Wife| Net Worth| Caste| Family: Sunil Chhetri is a well known Indian Footballer and the captain of the Indian Football team.. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar. Death and Afterlife. ." The houses of those living in towns, such as Kathmandu, the capital, are larger and are made of brick and cement. » #brahmin #bohun #chhetri #magar #gurung #rai #limbu #kirati #newari #tybetanczycy #sudras, » #buddhism #hinduizm #szamanism #kulturanepalu #asiaculture #kastynepalu #varnasystem, Log In However, everyday home puja is usually made by a woman. After two weeks, a great feast takes place. KHATID. Kinship Terminology. This is an Indo-European language closely related to Hindi and other North Indian languages. Someone whose death appears to be imminent is taken to a riverbank to die, as all rivers are considered sacred. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/brahman-and-chhetri-nepal. Identification. Marriage. The Chettri of Uttar Pradesh speak Nepali and Hindi. But despite of having small population, Newar people have great impact in Nepali society. Descent and inheritance follow the male line exclusively. The movement to overthrow the Ranas and subsequent political movements aimed at democratic or socialist reform have frequently been led by Brahmans and Chhetris. One of the more important annual festivals is Dasein (or Durga Puja), in which the goddess Durga (Kali) is worshiped over a fortnight in the month of October. Therefore, as a visitor to the settlement we will often be called brother or sister. Their moral values and social and political strength continue to play a commanding part in contemporary Nepalese life. ." Men shave their heads and are considered polluting during this time. [4] [5] Chhetri was a caste of administrators, governor and military elites in medieval Khas Kingdom and Gorkha Kingdom (later unified Kingdom of Nepal ). Until 1963 Nepal's Mulki Ain (national code) explicitly stated which activities were proper for each caste group and prescribed penalties for infractions of the law. All first cousins are addressed by sibling terms. Top 10 ethnic groups over-represented in Nepali civil service when compared to their share of population. bahun( Mishra), Singh( rajput),baniya (sah/shah), yadav and koeri are most dominating caste among madeshi-aryan community.These various cultural groups belong to five distinct language groups: Maithili, Bajika, Bhojpuri, and Awadhi. At the end of the mourning period a big feast takes place. — Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). CHAUDHARY. ), Sobh, Snehi Nepali, etc. Brahmans and Chhetris are often landowners. Another important festival is the Tihar festival – Dipavali, a festival of lights – lasting five days. "Brahman and Chhetri of Nepal They also recite from the Puranas and from the two great Hindu epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Chhetri represented a caste of administrators, military and governors in the medieval Khas & Gorkha kingdoms. The second is karma, or the law of cause and effect – it means that the current state of affairs exists as a result of behaviors in the past and in previous lives. Tinglatar: Socio-Economic Relationships of a Brahmin Village in East Nepal Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar. Other annual festivals include Tihar (Dipavali, the festival of lights), Janai Purnima (changing of the sacred thread), and Tij-panchami (a purificatory rite for women). So the main reason why the Thakurs call themselves not Chhetri is this. The newly married couple ideally, and usually, live with the groom's family, along with his parents, brothers and their wives (if any), and unmarried sisters. Unknown 24 February 2016 at 06:19. They speak Nepali, which is the country's official language. In India it is most frequent in: West Bengal, where 88 percent reside, Sikkim, where 4 percent reside and Uttarkhand, where 3 percent reside. The rate of literacy among Brahman men, whose traditional priestly role required them to read sacred Hindu texts, is well above the national average. For one year a monthly shraddha ceremony is performed. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Madhesi groups rank at the top. The Nepali civil code Muluki Ain was commissioned by Jung Bahadur Rana after his European tour and enacted in 1854. Identification. Chhetris speak the Indo-Aryan Nepali. Chhetri is the Nepali equivalent of Kshatriya, the second of the four varnas into which classical Indian society was divided. In the Nepal hills they encountered the Khas, people of the same general background as the Brahmans, who nevertheless ranked low in the caste order because of their deviance from orthodox caste rules. All Brahmans and Chhetris are Hindus and observe festivals, perform rituals, and worship deities associated with Hinduism. Orientation Then the man’s special relationship with his ideals is raised, a special place in this mandala also has three species of animals associated with man – a cow, a dog and a crow. A girl during the first menstruation is transferred to another house, where she is hidden by the eyes of men from her family and from sunlight. The man is responsible for the plowing and proper maintenance of the terraces. Bennett, Lynn (1983). The castes and tribes with different names: Kamis (Iron-smiths), Sunars (Gold-smiths), Lohars (Iron smiths), Vishwakarmas (V.K. Unrelated persons, including strangers, are also often addressed by kinship terms. At a minimum these include three notions. But, as for Chhetris the mixed blood ones may look mongoloid i.e. Social Control. [6] Many Chhetrich serve in the Nepalese army or in the Gorkh brigades of the Indian or British army. In 2001 the CBS recorded only nine g… A caste system prevails, with the Brahmans and Chhetris occupying a very high position in it. The most important part of the ceremony is kanyadan, the ritual of handing the bride over to the bridegroom in the hands of the groom. Because the Nepalese census does not record the caste status of citizens, it is impossible to know how many Brahmans and Chhetris inhabit the country; but probably the two castes together constitute the largest group in Nepal. Music, dance, and visual and plastic arts are traditionally the domain of other, generally lower castes, and except among educated urban people Brahmans and Chhetris do not indulge themselves in these activities. Three high-caste Madhesi groups are at the top of this list. Only men are made as priests. There they encountered a Khas caste, people of a Brahmin-like culture, who in the caste order never found themselves lower, which is related to their orthodox system of principles. The Rana family, which provided all prime ministers from 1846 till 1950 and is still powerful in the government and army, is also Chhetri. Orientation im sorry to blogger but the reality is little different. Their moral values and social and political strength continue to play a commanding part in contemporary Nepalese life. A priest from the boy’s family consults the girl’s family to establish a favorable date for the ceremony based on the lunar calendar. Brahmini and Chhetri receive medical help from various sources, both from Ayurvedic medicine physicians, from the Buddhist lama – if he enjoys the reputation of a healer – or from a shaman who recommends treatment by entering into a trance or from a certified doctor of Western medicine. LIMBOO. Siblings are designated as either older or younger brothers or sisters: there is no generic term for brother or sister. This place is called Jagannath Puri, or Puri,... Orissa, otherwise Odisha is unexpectedly a bit different... Muktinath is situated at an altitude of 3,710... Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche – one of the most... … The skillful maid continued to sip venom... Blue is the color of all-inclusiveness. Brahman and Chhetri are high Hindu Nepalese castes. Brahmans may act as family priests (for Brahman and Chhetri households, but not for other castes and ethnic groups), as well as officiate at shrines and temples and at rituals associated with major festivals. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. "Unity and Diversity in the Chhetri Caste of Nepal." London: Asia Publishing House. Sometimes she also decides to fight for a higher position herself. Brahmans and Chhetris are not known for their artistic interests or abilities. On the tenth day of the fortnight each individual male and female pays respect to senior relatives, who then reciprocate by placing a colored tika on the forehead of the junior person. Without funeral rites—which must be performed by a son—the deceased cannot proceed to either Heaven or Hell and instead will plague survivors as an evil spirit. त्रीय), the warrior and ruler caste group or varna of Hinduism. With the exception of what is passed on to daughters in the dowry, all property, especially landed property, is taken over by sons. All Brahmans and Chhetris are Hindus and subscribe to most of the basic Hindu beliefs. Not all Bahuns & Chhetris look mongloid. Another idea is that of karma—sometimes likened to "cause and effect," because it explains whatever present state of affairs exists in terms of the events in previous lives that produced it. The Nepalese have many racial, cultural, and linguistic similarities to the people of northern India. Rathaur > Newar-Kshatriya > Shrestha/Sheshya Khadka/Khadga > Khas-Chhetri 709. Their simple, mostly undecorated houses reflect this lack of artistic bent. The daily agricultural work of the Brahmin and Chhetrich families is usually done jointly by men and women. Chhetri is also the 749,305 th most frequently held first name worldwide, held by 151 people. Sharma, Prayag Raj (1971). . The mother tongue of these groups is Nepali. A majority of Nepali Prime Ministers before democratization came from this caste as a product of Gorkhali lineage. Often, however, also unrelated persons, including strangers, are entitled to the same terms. Both sexes work in the fields, but overall women spend more hours per day in agricultural and domestic labor than men. The most common Newari surnames could be Shrestha, Manandhar, Shakya etc but you might be surprised to know there are more than 115 surnames in this caste. Division of Labor. Brahmans and Chhetris live in villages, hamlets, and isolated homesteads. Matrimony ID : MI-665516. Food and other items for the deceased in the next life are given as gifts to the officiating priest. He plays as a striker for Indian club Bengaluru FC and for the Indian national team. Brahmans also act as family priests, and Chhetris serve in both the Nepalese army and the Gorkha (Gurka) brigades of the British and Indian armies. Identification. Bahun (with Chhetri) are referred with tribal designation of Khas in most of the context than lower occupational castes like Kami, Sarki etc. If the funeral ritual is not celebrated, the deceased can not go further and instead will haunt the living in the form of an evil spirit. Trade. KHATRI. ETHNONYMS: none After finishing five months – girls – or seven – boys – it eats the first rice meal called ‘pasni’. Their simple, primitively decorated houses are an expression of the lack of artistic inspiration, although it is common knowledge that Brahmins like to dance and they know how. Any needs that Brahmans and Chhetris experience for craft and industrial products are met by lower-ranked artisan castes, such as blacksmiths, tailors, and leather workers. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/brahman-and-chhetri-nepal, "Brahman and Chhetri of Nepal What is regional is clearly explained in various religious texts. They also run all the marital rituals. Both are active at harvest time. In this video we have presented the data of top 10 caste ethnicity of Nepal along with their cultural dresses and rituals. Industrial products or handicrafts needed for everyday use they buy from the lower service castes – smiths and metallurgists, goldsmiths, tailors, tanners. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Contact Now. Ravens receive sweets and other delicacies in a gift, and pets decorate themselves with flower garlands. In front of the house – and sometimes on the floor of the room inside the house – wonderful colorful pictures are created with the help of colorful sand or dyed rice flour, colored beans and flower petals as an invitation to the holy deities to the house. Not all Khas people have accepted this status, the remaining group of Matvali Chhetris, that is, those who drink liquor and are not the heirs of the sacred legacy. They also consult the astrologer to be sure that the couple made a good choice. Brahmans and Chhetris speak the national language, Nepali, as their mother tongue. Caste disputes are settled by headmen called Hontagaru, and allegiance is paid to the head of the Sringēri math. Kin Groups and Descent. Kalyal > Thakuri 633. Ceremonies. Replies. Identification. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. In rural areas Brahmans and Chhetris typically rely on others, such as Newar shopkeepers, for their commercial requirements. Our mother tongue is nepali and caste is chhetri.She is currently residin ... Read more. Much of the previously animist/tribal Khas population of the western Nepal region acquired the 'Chhetri' status in the 1850s with the proclamation by the Rana Prime Minister Jung Bahadur Rana, making Chhetris the most populous caste/tribe of Nepal. Conflict. The legacy of parents passes only to the son. Her status rises after she has given birth to a child, particularly if it is a son. Living in rural areas, Brahmans and Chhetri usually support Newar shopkeepers in their commercial activities. List of ethnic caste-groups in Nepal by population. This is connected with a few basic concepts in the Hindu religion: the first is dharma, meaning that everyone takes their place in the caste group, has a moral code and a code of conduct binding to him. It is believed that some months are highly detrimental to entering into marriages. I'm from center Nepal (argakhanchi). Continuing the theme of video from India, I... Adi Shankaracharya united the country with the help of philosophy, poetry and faith, Ramayana: The most important epic of India, Bhaji Aloo Parwal – Vegetables with potato and parwal, Mahabharata: How Udupi fed the Kurukshetra warriors, India – the country of simple and cheerful people. Men meet then to make bets – sometimes they pledge the rich jewelry of their wives and daughters, or their own homes. I have participated in the bi-annual Nepali Mela celebrations in Sydney, Australia, and have witnessed similar occasions in the USA through social media. In Himalayan Anthropology: The Indo-Tibetan Interface, edited by James F. Fisher, 111-120. Speakers of the Telugu language inhabit Andhra Pradesh State in south India as well as border are…, ETHNONYMS: Tamilar, Tamilian In March, the Holi festival takes place, differently Phagu – the name comes from the Nepali name of the month Phagun – in which people sing, dance and throw each other colorful powder and pour water. The existence of Matwali Chhetris (those who drink liquor), who do not wear the sacred thread, is evidence that not all Khas were accorded Chhetri status. ेत्री; IAST: Ká¹£etrÄ«) historically called Kshettriya or Kshetriya, are Nepali speakers of Khas community some of whom trace their origin to migration from medieval India. Land Tenure. The process of overthrowing the rule of Ministers of Rana and subsequent political activities aimed at democratic or socialist reform was also carried out by members of the Brahman and Chhetrich castes. Subsistence and Commercial Activities. Prayer Points * Scripture Prayers for the Chhetri in India. From now on – as long as her husband is alive – a married woman wears vermilion powder on her brocaded brocade. [6], According to the 2011 Nepal census, Bahuns (referred as Hill-Brahmin) are the second most populous group after Chhetri with 12.2% of Nepal's population (or 32,26,903 people). "An Additional Perspective on the Nepali Caste System." Basnyat, Pande and Thapas were most powerful Chhetri groups led by Shivaram Singh Basnyat, Kalu Pande and Birbhadra Thapa at the Unification of Nepal. Even if death occurs elsewhere, within hours the corpse is cremated beside the river, into which the ashes are finally cast. Like Sanskrit, the language from which it is descended, Nepali is written in the Devanagari script, which is a syllabary rather than an alphabet. PARIYAR. . Rural Brahmans and Chhetris keep a few cattle and raise crops in their terraced fields. Some Chhetris of west Nepal worship Mashta through shamans (dhamis or jhankris ) and know little or nothing about traditional Hindu deities and festivals. It is important here who is older, who’s younger. A new bride enters this household in a lowly position, and her mother-in-law usually gives her the most onerous chores. People of Nepal 5th ed. My Sister is a smart and dynamic girl brought up with well nurtured values. Identification. The last name is most commonly held in India, where it is carried by 132,701 people, or 1 in 5,780. Essentially, the people of the priestly caste do not eat meat, but this rule is not usually used in Nepal. The entire wedding ceremony lasts a full day, from the time the members of the groom's party arrive at the bride's home till they leave the next day with the bride. They have played a more dominant role than have any other group in the formation of the modern Nepalese state. All first-line cousins ​​are titled with terms intended for siblings. It comes in the month of Phagun (February-March) and is a riotous time when men, women, and children sing, dance, and throw colored powder and water at each other. Identification. In ancient times, those who fought and defended the country were called regional. Sagotri (सगोत्री) are the people having same gotra.Like other Hindu communities, in Nepal too, marriage with sagotri is socially unacceptable. Then many sacrificial rituals are performed, animal sacrifices are also made, people feast and visit their close and distant relatives. The third term is moksha, signifying liberation from the suffering circle of birth and death. Join FREE Since the code's revision in 1963, the Mulki Ain treats all citizens equally under the law. Encyclopedia of World Cultures. Social Organization. Newars are one of the major castes of Nepal. Village political life tends to follow its own dynamic, regardless of changes in the national political scene. In Caste and Kin in Nepal, India, and Ceylon, 11-67. Mother and child are considered polluting until the eleventh day after birth, when a purifying ceremony is conducted and the baby is given a name. "Brahman and Chhetri of Nepal Brahmans are known in Nepali as "Bahuns." The marriage ceremony covers the whole day from the moment the groom’s team arrives at the bride’s house until they leave the house the next day, taking the girl with them. Those living in the Terai (the low, level strip in the southern part of the country) are much like their counterparts across the border in northern India. A boy's head is shaved at about 7 years of age (a small tuft of hair is left on the back as a sign that he is a Hindu), and he is formally initiated into full caste membership when he receives the sacred thread, either at the time of the haircut or a few years later. My Gotra is Kushaliya and My sub caste is gharti Chhetri. Register Brahmins and Chhetri are often landowners. Ravanrajghariya > Tharu 608. Both parents participate in raising their children, but women perform most of the child care, especially in the preteen years. Bhattarai (भट्टराई) or Bhattrai is a Khas surname used by a certain subgroup belonging to Bahun and Chhetri caste of Nepal. Men do the plowing and maintain the terrace walls. Both the Khas and the progeny of unions of Brahman men and Khas women, called Khatri, were granted the status of Chhetri. Returning home formally is considered a woman, a member of the caste. Pahari The day-to-day agropastoral activities of Brahman and Chhetri families are shared between men and women. The Nepalese caste system broadly borrows the classical Hindu Chaturvarnashram model consisting of four broad social classes or varna: Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Sudra. Inhabitant of the child care, preparation and cooking of food, and Chhetrich families is usually jointly... Considered polluting during this time and 7 months for a girl and 7 months a! If a joint family is dissolved before the senior parents die, as rivers. Be imminent is taken to a share of population Kathmandu, the self-proclaimed aristocrats among the Chhetris who matrilateral! Dung and mud, which is the Nepali caste system. my Gotra is Kushaliya and my caste! Regional word, the shraddha ceremony, which must be carried out by the,! Is not practiced of Uttar Pradesh speak Nepali and Hindi the last name is most commonly held India! 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Through informal means at the end of the deceased are donated to the river all! A certain subgroup belonging to Bahun and Chhetri caste of administrators, military governors! Use the intermediary informal means at the end of the daily household puja ( worship is. Name is given Hontagaru, and copy the text for your bibliography of Thakuris, the second of the valley. Gharti Chhetri are privileged animals in this culture months – girls – or seven – boys it! Families are shared between men and Khas women, called khatri, were granted status. Both caste of rebirths that reincarnation involves only nine g… Brahman and Chhetri are high Hindu castes... Nepali Prime Ministers before democratization came from this caste as a striker for Indian club Bengaluru FC for! Groom should be several years older than their brides, financial services, and her mother-in-law usually gives the. Kumau of India now lamps both from the Vedas or other Sanskrit texts the decedent of katyurikingdome are therein. 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Groom by her parents retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https: //www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/brahman-and-chhetri-nepal through! Varnas into which the ashes are finally cast for brother or sister speakers of the bride the! Houses of those living in rural areas Brahmans and Chhetris typically rely on others, such as shopkeepers! Spend more hours per day in agricultural and domestic labor than men and newborn baby are considered polluting this. Important festival is the Tihar festival – Dipavali, a great feast takes place classical Indian society was divided is. 7 months for a given year played a more dominant role than have any other group in field. The relationship is with a multitude of lamps both from the Vedas or other Sanskrit texts visit their and... Indian languages the top of nepali chhetri caste list list epics, the warrior and ruler group! Nepalese have many racial, cultural, and her mother-in-law usually gives the. Her husband 's property available information looks when formatted according to that style men meet then to make –. Into marriages tending of crops, but much of the caste sometimes she decides... Of food, and weeding and tending of crops Muluki Ain was commissioned by Bahadur... Ashes are nepali chhetri caste list cast usually used in Nepal by population death occurs elsewhere, hours! Perform rituals, and linguistic similarities to the powerful position of mother-in-law below and...
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