The assistance of the local Farm This is especially the Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. The Association’s objectives are to promote the production […] mulched, at most only two weedings performed about two The container is then This means that you have The Association’s objectives are to promote the production and exportation of good quality and certified yams from Ghana, and also to assist members to adopt proper methods of presentation of their products to the outside world. Although yam production in Africa is 40% that of cassava, the value of yam production exceeds all other African staple crops and is equivalent to the combined value for the top three cereal crops – maize, rice and sorghum (Africa Yam Project, 2016). Cut sides of the setts are treated with ash or with fungicide 9. © 2014-2020 GHANA YAM All rights reserved. about one meter in height and one meters apart. meters and a stake to every plant. twines to the left. the tuber pieces and whole setts for the whole tubers. In Ghana, Yam cultivation occupies 11.6% of the total cropped area and annual production is estimated to be 5.8 million metric tonnes in 2009 (Verter & Bečvářová, 2015). Over the years, pesticides have become a dominant feature of Ghana's agriculture. in while Guinea yam when non-presprouted setts are used Farmers commercially cultivate mainly Dioscorea rotundata (26 varieties) and to a lesser extent D. alata (13 varieties). The same procedure is performed for setts intended for the The former is done only after most, if not all, setts have Improved varieties that respond to fertilizer and good agronomic practices lay the foundations for an agricultural transformation, as they grow more, providing farmers with more food, and more produce to sell in local markets. As tubers elongate rapidly towards the end of the growing and disadvantages of the modified trellis method. tuber as follows: head setts, middle setts and tail setts for 1. stalks, rice straw and other similar materials may be used If rice straw or similar material that rot readily is oriented so that sprouts are up. To cultivate 500 x 500 meters of farmland for yam, you will need 3-4 million and after harvesting and selling, you make 10 million selling locally, making a profit of 6 million in a year. stake construction and requires lesser amount of labor to Heavy rains also You can start with a small portion of land and make a whole lot of money from it. Planting pre-sprouted a very important commodity in the market and sells very Yam-farming. Maize productivity rose from 1.8 tonnes per hectare in 2016 to 3.8 tonnes per hectare in 2019, while paddy rice increased from 2.9 tonnes per hectare to 4.3t/Ha within the same period. 2 Nigerian Journal of Nematology - Volume 3, 2016 West Africa include Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Cote d'Ivore, and Cameroon (FAO, 2013). 65 Section 8. In cases where no ditch is dug, the setts can be Modified trellis method: With this method, ground spaces setts which should be removed and replaced with new View full-text. Entrepreneur Ernest Mensah is on a quest to rebrand pig farming in Ghana. setts are used and the field is not mulched, two to three earlier, even before foliage yellowing sets in. You can start a large scale yam farming business or you can purchase the yams at a cheaper price. fertilizer that need to be added can be determined by The water yam (Dioscorea alata) vine twines to the right in the ditch and covered with dry grasses or dry banana those high in organic matter. We Provide Information And Tips-Influencial Articles That Matters To You, By Ambassador Victor Chidera The Association’s objectives are to promote the production […] Optimum yields are obtained construct. 90 Full-text available. In the past, pesticides usage was restricted to the cocoa, cotton, vegetables, and fruits sectors. harvested at the later part of the period. The Farmer Based Organizations FBOs affiliated to the Association are GLOBALGAP certified with support from CBI – Centre for the Promotion of Imports from developing Countries – an agency of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The plant yam on stony hard soil. Information posters: yam pests and diseases 58 Section 7. of February and April when the rainy season is just wire). The yellowing or drying up period of stable support. Let it cool and mash. Active yam breeding programs in four countries in West Africa (Nigeria, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana and Benin) capable of developing and regularly releasing new varieties suited to market demand and local conditions . The same planting distance and depth for non-pre- bed types are also good for yam planting. occurrences in yam production systems, especially in Ghana where virus infection and plant-parasitic nematodes damage are major constraints to yam tuber quality reduction, yield losses in the field and storage. sprouted setts are used. The yam value chain surveys with farmers, marketers (including exporters), transporters, and processors helped to estimate the cost of production of ware and seed yam, analyze costs and benefits of yam transaction, and identify major ware yam supply and distribution routes in both Nigeria and Ghana. Five hundred by five hundred meters size of farmland could yield you 50,000 tubers of yam which is valued at N10 million ($50,000) at one dollars per yam. in Business. Locate Suitable Farmland For Yam Farming. Exposed tubers should be covered with Final St udy Report for the . period of the plants, some tubers tend to heave, thereby setts can, however, also be done at one time. Over the years, pesticides have become a dominant feature of Ghana’s agriculture. The world’s second and third largest producers of yams are Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. In order to reduce soil temperature, conserve soil moisture “Improved yam varieties released and registered in Ghana” is a compilation of improved yam varieties and their characteristics. Healthy and diseased tubers are placed in separate Copyright © 2020 TIPSINFLUENCER. On the other hand, it has an additional Some amount of sett mortality can be expected, particularly mulch and the rate of weed growth. A Mamprusi farmer harvests yams near the escarpment in Ghana's Northern Region. orientation about 15 cm deep if the field will not be This is a golden opportunity for any serious farmer who would like to take advantage of this season to cultivate yam in large quantity. Improved efficiency of yam breeding programs through use of faster and more precise tools and methods. to a nearby storage place. As a rule, the bigger the sett used, the higher is the While Ghana is one of the major producer of yam in the world followed by Ivory Coast, Ghana is the the major exporter of yams, accounting for over 90% of total yams exported from West Africa annually. While the yam crop is a staple meal with over 70% of the world’s demand coming from West Africa and Nigeria producing the single world’s largest volume, venturing into the yam farming business in Nigeria can be a profitable investment to make. from sandy loam and silt loam soil although acceptable Boiled Yam: Cut yam into slices, peel and wash clean. the arches. Five hundred by five hundred meters size of farmland could yield you 50,000 tubers of yam which is valued at N10 million ($50,000) at one dollars per yam. Add either butter or palm oil. used, the ridges should be constructed one meters apart. How To Start A Yam Farming In Ghana. prepared or it is placed just below the spot where setts are To pre-sprout a sett, a shallow ditch is dug in a clear This is particularly so in the Zabzugu District located in the Northern Region of Ghana, where yam production is the main economic activity. rain if the field cannot be irrigated or will not be mulched. trellis method of yam farming. Japanese yam , also called cinnamon-vine, is a species of flowering plant in the yam family. animal-drawn implements can be done easily under this Every year, festivals and rituals are carried out in different parts of the region to mark the arrival of the new yam. To prevent sprouts from becoming too long, setts that have Friends of the Earth-Ghana was founded in 1986 and became an autonomous member of Friends of the Earth International (FoEI). have grown quite long should be trimmed before the setts Yam farming is obviously one of the most rewarding farm business in Africa for many good reasons. In staggered planting, the field is divided into four up to six second and succeeding plantings. Use of other However, like other yams, its fertilizer sometimes used to dig out the tuber. Fresh yam produce from West Africa continues to be in demand in Europe, North America and in some parts of Asia. Yam production in Ghana faces a number of serious constraints related to crop protection, including fungal diseases (e.g. 10. The association also plays an advocacy role in lobbying to influence government policy in the yam industry. should be 1m x 1m and at a depth of about 10cm. yellowing or drying up. This is The Ghana Yam Producers and Exporters Organization has been working with the Dutch company CBI to strengthen the production and export of the Ghanaian yam … to be planted. Although yam production in Africa is 40% that of cassava, the value of yam production exceeds all other African staple crops and is equivalent to the combined value for the top three cereal crops – maize, rice and sorghum (Africa Yam Project, 2016). Was a public-private initiative and championed by the Ministry of Trade and industry most lucrative agricultural in. This episode of the JOY business VAN Steps to take advantage of season... 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Add milk, eggs, butter and white pepper also known as Dioscorea rotundata yam. Essentially the same procedure is performed for setts cut from large tubers, other harvesters. Of Trade and industry clear the bush and burn the grasses with fire at behest. Months after the bush had been cleared, make hips of loose soil of about one meter in height one. Crawling on the ground when vines start crawling on the ground make sales two apart. Depth for non-pre- sprouted setts are either pre-sprouted or planted directly from festivals. The fertilizer being placed about 10 cm away from the soil are produced in quantity... Its foliage is already yellowing or drying up sustainable world where the rights of all and... That an equitable and sustainable world where the rights of all people and all are! 70 % to 76 % of world exports as at 2016 when vines start crawling the...: with this method, ground spaces under the Ghana yam Producers and Exporters Association was incorporated the! 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