JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. How to Grow Blackcurrants – A Guide to Growing Blackcurrants Blackcurrants. Grapevines are exuberant climbers, so if you plant one for its fruit you will … You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Blackcurrants are pruned in a similar way but fruit on 1 and 2 year old wood. Years 1-3: for the first three years after planting, prune lightly in autumn or winter if the growth is strong by removing weak and low-lying shoots, but if growth is weak, prune hard, cutting at least half the shoots back to near ground level. Cut branches back to a good strong outward facing bud. The stems of container-grown black currants that have established roots do not need to be cut back after planting. Blackcurrants are pruned in a similar way but fruit on 1 and 2 year old wood. Remove about 30%ish of the bush from the oldest, most darkly coloured stems - some people remove more. Some of the smaller varieties can be grown in large containers. Copyright © 2020 Ashridge Trees Limited. Established blackcurrants are at least... 2. Your email address will not be published. The fruits can be frozen to use at a later date. Powered by, Pyracantha ‘Golden Charmer’ – Growing and Care Tips, Pruning Gooseberries – Pruning as bushes or wall trained cordon, 6 Best Inflatable Water Slides For Your Garden, Best Tree Watering Kits and Systems to Automate Watering Newly Planted Trees, Top 4 best pond vacuum cleaners, comparison and reviews, Top 5 Best Tree Stump Killers – Commercial Strength & Domestic Use, Water during the growing season during drier times to keep plants hydrated when the flowers and fruit are forming. Get the pruning right – at the right time – and red currants are hardly ever a problem. Prune established blackcurrants once a year after all the foliage has fallen. After year 4 prune back yearly between late Autumn and winter and cut all the new growth back by around a third removing any dead, diseased or damaged branches as you do. When pruning, a good rule of thumb is to keep a ratio fruit bearing limbs by leaving 2-4 shoots each of 1-, 2- and 3-year-old wood. They fruit well on two and three year old stems, which then become quite unproductive. Blackcurrant is a shrub that produces a delicious fruit: sweet black currant berries. I cannot make the netting higher. Gardening and DIY tips, advice & product reviews. Name – Ribes nigrum Family – Grossulariaceae Type – fruit shrub. PRUNE BLACKCURRANTS. Removing the complete branch will cause … Also pick out all the weak & badly placed or poorly looking stems. The stems of bare-root black currants (with multiple stems emerging from the soil) should be cut back to about 1 inch above the ground after planting. If you are new to pruning then starting with Blackcurrants is perfect because they are so tough and hardy you needn't worry about killing the bush or severely damaging the shape. Also remove weak shoots and low ones leaning towards the ground. Blackcurrant bushes are often considered hard to grow, yet this is not the case at all. You can order at any time and your plants will be delivered to you at the best time for planting. Black currants are naturally high in pectin, which makes them a great choice for homemade jams and jellies. They can be grown directly in the ground, but those of you who don’t have the space, don’t worry as they also grow well in pots. Red Currants are pruned differently to Black Currants. Remove any older growth first but if you have to prune so it’s within the cage it should respond well as they fruit better of the newer shoots as you probably know. Prune blackcurrants when dormant – from late autumn to late winter. They are usually around 1-2ft tall and some gardeners advise cutting them back to around 2 buds above soil level. They are one of the few soft fruit bushes to like damp soil, but they do need plenty of sun and a sheltered position in the North & Scotland. Use secateurs to prune off a 15-30cm (6-12in) long shoot of recent growth. Plants in their prime will produce 8-12lbs / 3.5 - 5.5kg of fruit each year. Hi, just a note to let you know that we do use cookies to help us determine what our customers really want and therefore to give them the great service that they deserve. Plant in full sun and they will grow in damp soil but ensure it is well-drained. Most of the problems associated with lack of fruit on red currant bushes is owing to the wrong method of pruning. Blackcurrant bushes fruit in abundance on the newer, younger shoots and for the first 2-3 years will fruit well without much intervention and minor pruning. If all the wood appears to be old, cut all of the stems down to about 5cm (2in) to stimulate lots of fresh, new growth. 2:01. Summer pruning not only induces the basal buds on the pruned shoots to develop, but also helps the crop to mature quickly by allowing more light and air. After year 4 prune back yearly between late Autumn and winter and cut all the new growth back by around a third removing any dead, diseased or damaged branches as you do. For the first few years (around 2-3 years) you only really need to prune out and remove any damaged, diseased, weak or low hanging branches and your aim is to form a bush with around 7-8 good strong branches. Some pruning can be done at picking time. This helps reduce stress to the plant and make it easier to see what to prune. The best way in how to prune currants is by using sharp implements that will make clean cuts and won’t invite pathogens. Hope this helps. Remove any weak branches and prune back any crossing branches. It is now about five feet tall, and will press against the netting cage we will place over it in summer. Amazon, the Amazon logo, AmazonSupply, and the AmazonSupply logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Identify older wood (two year old wood is grey, older wood is darker) and remove about a quarter of grey and black wood by cutting it down to the ground. If it’s well established you may want to think about removing around a third of older wood at the base to make room for new shoots and they should be done roughly every 4 years. Also, prune out any shoots that are older than 3 years of age. Firstly it helps to encourage good cropping year on year, and secondly, it can also help reduce the incidence of fungal attacks. White and red currants fruit on 2-3 year old wood. Cook until a candy thermometer reads 220 degrees f so that the jam has candied a bit thickened enough to stand up. How to grow blackcurrants. Pruning. Old wood may gradually be removed from three-year-old and older plants by pruning a quarter of the old wood each year, plus removing broken, weak, diseased or misdirected branches each winter. This will encourage and make room for younger, healthy wood. Photo: Shutterstock Prune away any weak branches and any that are touching each other. This will encourage lower shoots and when you prune back older branches to ground level, new shoots will come from the base of the plant. This would help to produce the new shoots but we find that left un-pruned and planted as they are they usually do just fine. These fruit on first-year-canes. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – April Harvest – July-August. Cut horizontally just below a … Did you know blackcurrants can be eaten fresh, frozen, cooked, or made into smoothies, jam and jelly? Cut them right back to one of the the lowest outward facing buds. We are a mail order plant nursery, specialising in hedging, trees, fruit, roses & shrubs. If you are planting bushes you have just purchased through the autumn and winter, they are usually bare root which is how they are usually sold by mail order nurseries at this time of the year, or alternatively, as potted plants in summer. Last year this caused the tips of the branches to fold over, or even grow out of the netting. Between late autumn and late winter you want to remove around one third of the older darker wood to ground level as this will not produce much fruit anymore. If you trimmed off a dead or diseased stem, then you need to clean the shears after each cut that you make. Grow blackcurrants in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Blackcurrants bear the most … In summer the same bushes may be pruned by just pinching out the tops of the leading growths and reducing side shoots so that five or six leaves remain on each. Sign up to our newsletter for a 5 year guarantee. This will give space and allow new shoots to form which will become the main shoots which you aim to have around 7 or 8 of. So one plant may be all you need. Our site is reader supported, this means we may earn a small commission from Amazon and other affiliates when you buy through links on our site. If you have blackcurrants, blueberries, gooseberries, or redcurrants growing on your property, those should be pruned in the winter. Removing the complete branch will cause … Blackcurrants crop best on two-year-old stems, which should then be cut down to stimulate new stems at... Blueberries. For this reason modern varieties are easier to harvest. This is when they need the first proper prune. If you don't have any on hand, use a solution of 1 part bleach and 10 parts water instead. Cut branches back to a good strong outward facing bud. Blackcurrants are also very easy to propagate :) Related Videos. Blueberries don’t need any pruning for the first two years. Spray your shears with rubbing alcohol, then wipe them down. Look for darker, second-year wood and … Browse all of our Red, White & Blackcurrant Bushes for Sale here. Doing so leaves behind the healthy, young branches to produce large harvests each year. Can I also reduce the overall height of the bush? Harvesting Blackcurrants:You'll see them darken and taste sweet when they are ripe, use scissors to cut them off. Prune after fruiting finishes. Trim off the soft tip, making the cut diagonally just above a bud to enable rain to drain off easily (and also to make it obvious which end is up when you plant it!). Very little pruning is needed after this for the first four years except for removal of … Prune mature blueberries between November to... Gooseberries. Pests and Diseases We deliver these plus a range of planting accessories across mainland UK. The principle of pruning black currants is to encourage new shoots to arise from the ground. Prune so that the centre of the bush is not overcrowded. Bush initial training. Feed with a high potash fertiliser weekly during the growing season and mulch the soil around the plant with well-rotted manure, leaf mould or compost. After pruning, it is always a good idea to feed with a balanced fertiliser such as Growmore and spread it around the base of the plant at the recommended rate. Pruning is the same as for bushes grown in the ground and regular hearty feeding is important to ensure a reliable supply of young growth to continue the fruiting cycle. For this purpose I would use a combination of miracle-grow, Osmocote tabs [slow release tablets you insert just one a year] and the occasional foliar feed of maxicrop. This is also a good time to remove any weak or low hanging branches which need to be removed to avoid fruit touching the ground. hi Barbara, yes this should be fine. As they only really fruit well on the newer growth, after around 4 years you may notice that your blackcurrant start to produce a smaller crop of fruit. At any yearly pruning session only remove approx 1/3 of the total number of branches. A basic recipe involves one part currants and an equal amount of sugar with a splash of lemon juice. Copyright of pyracantha.co.uk 2020. BLACKCURRANT Ribes nigrum cv. Select about 1/3 of the oldest, darkest wood to prune away. Prune in autumn. Your plants will need action against aphids and a net is essential to keep the birds off. When planting blackcurrants they should be planted deep unlike a lot of plants. Blackcurrants are pruned in a similar way, but they fruit on wood that’s 1-2 years old, so any branches that are older than this can be removed. For blackcurrants, begin by removing as much of the old growth as possible, retaining just the younger shoots. Top Tip: When harvesting, you can also do most of the pruning: just cut out some of the innermost, most heavily fruited stems and take them somewhere more comfortable to be stripped of their fruit: this will make mopping up the rest much easier. Always prune between autumn and late winter when plants are dormant and have lost the leaves. New season wood which is thinner and much lighter in colour. Prune out the short, spindly, dead or damaged wood – as close to the base of the currant as practical. Remove about 30%ish of the bush from the oldest, most darkly coloured stems - some people remove more. How to Prune a Gooseberry Bush Do not shorten new wood. Remove the entire branch right down to its base. Repot container-grown blackcurrants every two or three years in late winter. Up to and including the fourth year after planting, remove weak, wispy shoots, retaining a … Choosing What and When to Prune 1. It is easiest to then cut all sideshoots off each remaining stem - they can make it bend and latch onto other stems. You may consider netting the fruit against birds. More modern varieties such as Ben Lomond, the fruit will ripen at once in bunches and can be cut off in full bunches by cutting the strings. Containers. All Rights Reserved. The best time to prune gooseberries is in late winter or early in the spring when the plants are still dormant. If they are younger and seem like they may have life left in them yet, you can prune them in winter. Blackcurrant bushes are not difficult to grow and can produce 4.5-7 kg (10-15 lb) of fruit per year. Pruning grape vines. Pruning Blackcurrants. Then mulch around the base of the plant with some good quality compost or well-rotted farm manure which will help retain moisture and suppress weeds. Height – 40 to 50 inches (100 to 120 cm) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. This will encourage strong root growth. 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Sideshoots off each remaining stem - they can make it bend and latch onto other stems second-year wood and the! Pruning out some of the old wood years except for removal of how. Tall and some gardeners advise cutting them back to one of the total number of.. The lowest outward facing buds bleach and 10 parts water instead blackcurrants fruit on new season wood old! Can i also reduce the overall height of the total number of branches bend and latch onto other.... Long shoot of recent growth any time and your plants will need to be picked individually as they.. Harvests each year will keep the new ones coming and red currants fruit on red currant bushes is owing the... The AmazonSupply logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates every or..., it can also help reduce the overall height of the total number of branches - of! Have a four year old wood not the case at all ( 100 120. Red currants are hardly ever a problem shoot of recent growth stand up jam.